What Is Juvenile Diabetes: Causes and Cures for Type 1 Diabetes

What Is Juvenile Diabetes

  • Juvenile diabetes is also known as type 1 diabetes. Juvenile diabetes is more common in children and young adults. In type 1 diabetes the pancreas do not produce insulin.
  • Insulin is the hormone which is secreted by the pancreas; its function is to convert the circulating blood glucose into energy.
  • It acts as a medium of transportation for blood glucose to the body cells. In type 1 diabetes as the insulin is not produced by the pancreas, there is increase of glucose level in the circulating blood.

Causes of Juvenile Diabetes (Type 1 Diabetes or Insulin Dependent Diabetes)

  • The cause of juvenile diabetes is still not clear.
  • It is believed that certain toxic and infectious insult occur in a person’s immune system that is genetically predisposed. This lead to destruction of the beta cells of the pancreas which secrete insulin.
  • Juvenile diabetes runs in families, the siblings of the child suffering from this disease are more prone to develop it at younger age.
  • Juvenile diabetes is not as common as type 2 diabetes. An estimated 1.5 million people suffer from juvenile diabetes in USA of the 17 to 18 million diabetics.
  • Prevalence is more in population of European and Scandinavian origin.
  • Genetics – heredity.
  • Juvenile diabetics are non obese.
  • Onset is rapid.

Treatment For Juvenile Diabetes:

  • Management of diabetes is a lifelong affair. It has to be tailored as per the requirement and circumstance of the individual.
  • Self discipline and adherence are the hallmark for managing juvenile diabetes.
  • Diet, insulin, exercise and self monitoring of insulin should be maintained properly to enjoy a full life despite having juvenile diabetes.

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