Autistic Behavior Problem management in Adults and Its Symptoms

Awareness of autistic behavior problems leads to proper management of this developmental disorder.

Autistic Behavior in Adults

Autism has three core features, namely impaired speech and non-verbal communication, difficulty in social interactions and repetitive behavior.

  • It may begin in early childhood but diagnosis may not be imminent until the person reaches school age.
  • Inability to put oneself in a social environment
    1. Preference to be alone
    2. Aloof manner
    3. Unresponsive, as if acting deaf
    4. Minimal or no eye contact
    5. Difficulty in expressing needs
  • Abnormal response such as tantrums, extreme distress but with no reason
  • Noticeable over-activity or under-activity
  • Spinning of objects
  • Repetitive rocking of body
  • Autistic patients maintain a routine and dislike change, opting for the same kind of food or clothes.

Autistic Behavior Symptoms in Children and Adolescents

  • A child with autism would rather play alone and makes contact when she needs something.
  • The lack of friends is apparent among patients with autism.
  • Autistic individuals talk differently, often repeating words that they hear. They also talk to themselves.
  • Repetitive body movements are typical young autistic patients but become less frequent when they mature.
  • Self-injurious behavior such as biting themselves has a tendency to increase through the years.
  • They dislike bright lights due to their highly sensitive sensory systems. Others do not like loud sounds and textures in the food they eat.
  • Autistic adolescents fear facing change, such as a new haircut or a change in the layout of their bedroom.

Autistic Behavior Management

While there is no cure for autism, special education and behavioral management gains a wide acceptance from patients.

  • The scope of the treatment covers occupational therapy and speech therapy, which must be done in early childhood.
  • Medications are given to treat seizures and emotional problems linked to autism.
    1. List of medicines include antidepressants, anti-psychotic drugs, stimulants and anti-convulsants
  • Applied behavior analysis or ABA was designed by autism therapists to correct behavior and teach the patient skills to effectively handle stressful situations.
  • Behavioral management is based on the fundamentals of reinforcement and reward system. If the patient behaves properly, he or she will get a reward.
  • Other therapies complement the main course of treatment. Common forms of complementary therapies include using art, music, animals and sensory integration.
  • Communication with the therapist is important for the parents of an autistic individual, in order to be clear on the goals of the therapy.

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