A low sperm count signifies that the semen that you ejaculate comprises of lesser sperms than normal. A low sperm count is medically termed as oligospermia; whilst azoospermia is the complete absence of sperms in the semen. Sperm count is considered lower than normal if you have less than 15 million sperms per milliliter of semen.
Low sperm count affects your ability to have a baby; nevertheless, many men who have a low sperm count may still father a child.
The chief symptom is the incapacity to conceive a child. There won’t be any other apparent symptom.
In certain individuals, there may be an underlying disorder, like, hormone imbalance or a condition which impedes the passage of sperms which may produce some symptoms.
Some complain of having a low sex drive and may also have some difficulty in maintaining an erection. Pain, lump or swelling in the testicle area may be seen occasionally.
What Are The Causes Of Azoospermia?
- Varicocele: Swelling of the veins which drain the testicle is a common cause. It prevents normal cooling of the testes, causing decreased sperm count.
- Infections: Interfere with the manufacture of sperms. Sexually transmitted infections, such as gonorrhea, chlamydia and prostatitis affect the sperm count.
- Ejaculation trouble: Retrograde ejaculation occurs when the semen goes in to the bladder during orgasm instead of coming out of the tip of the penis. This disorder is seen in diabetics, those having spinal cord injuries, and surgery of the prostate, urinary bladder or the urethra.
- Tumors: Greatly influence the male reproductive organs and the glands which secrete hormones related to reproduction. Also, surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy to manage the tumors may affect fertility.
- Undescended testicles: During fetal development one or both testes may not descend from the abdomen in to the scrotum, thus reducing fertility.
- Hormone imbalances: The hypothalamus, pituitary and testes synthesize necessary to produce sperms. A change in the hormone profile impairs sperm synthesis.
- Exposure to heavy metals, such as lead or cadmium, industrial chemicals like xylene, benzene and painting materials. Exposure to too much radiation reduces the sperm count and sperm motility.
- Also, frequent use of saunas temporarily lowers the sperm count due to overheating. Likewise, wearing tight clothing or placing the laptop on the lap for prolonged intervals increases the temperature in the scrotum and diminishes the sperm production.
Health, lifestyle and other causes
- Illicit drug use, such as, cocaine or marijuana, as well as anabolic drugs affect the sperm count significantly. Furthermore, smoking and excessive alcohol consumption is very bad too. Experts say certain occupations increase the risk of infertility, including, extended use of computers or video display monitors. Stress and emotion turmoil are other noteworthy causes.
How To Treat And Overcome Azoospermia?
This is what you can do to raise your chances of getting your partner pregnant:
- Increase the frequency of intercourse: Having sex every other day around the period of ovulation increases your chance of conceiving.
- Have sex at the time of ovulation: Ovulation occurs in the mid menstrual cycle; experts advise having intercourse every 2 days around the time of ovulation. This ensures that those sperms, which can live several days, are present when fertilization is likely.
- Avoid lubricants: KY jelly, certain lotions, and saliva decrease the sperm movement; avoid them.
- Surgery: Is of help to manage an obstruction of the vas deferens or to treat a varicocele.
- Management of infections: Talk to your doctor about anti-biotic course to treat infections.
Hormone treatments: Hormone replacement is prescribed to manage hormone levels better.