Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus or MRSA is type of infection that is brought on by a type of staph bacteria that has become resistant to common antibiotics.
- Most of the time, patients contract MRSA from a hospital or other healthcare setting.
- It can also occur in the community.
- When it occurs in hospitals, it is usually associated with invasive procedures like surgeries and the use of intravenous tubing.
- Community MRSA usually comes in the form of boils and is spread with direct skin to skin contact.
What Causes MRSA?
- It is caused by a type of staphylococcus aureus bacterial that has become resistant to certain antibacterial agents.
- MRSA has come from the improper use of antibacterial drugs which led to the bacteria developing resistance to it.
How to Test for MRSA?
- A diagnosis of MRSA infection is made after blood cultures are conducted.
- Blood cultures can take up to 48 hours to produce results, so in the case of MRSA, a bacterial DNA test can be used as it gives results within a few hours.
What are the Symptoms of MRSA?
- Red bumps that look like pimples, insect bites , or boils
- Deep abscesses on the skin
- Redness and swelling on affected area
When MRSA is a systemic case, the patient can present with a number of symptoms including:
- Death of affected tissue
The patient will also present with the typical signs of general illness.
- Just because MRSA is resistant to Methicillin and other similar drugs, it does not mean that it cannot be treated with other antibacterial agents.
- Higher grade antibacterial agents can be used to treat systemic infections.
- Localized infections are treated with drainage and prescription medication.
Home Remedies and Prevention from MRSA
When it comes to MRSA, prevention is always much better than finding a cure. Some of the proper preventive methods include:
- Hand Washing – be sure to wash hands properly especially in between contact with other people or when open wounds are present.
- Surface Santization – Done for hospitals in between patients to get rid of any bacterial agents, alcohol has been shown effective in dealing with MRSA
- Proper disposal of infected garments
- Isolation – when a person has MRSA, they need to practice isolation to prevent the condition from spreading to other people.
- Proper antibacterial use – patients need to be taught the proper use of antibiotics to prevent the existence of other drug resistant infections.
There are several antibacterial agents advocated for use with MRSA. These include certain herbs and oils.