Fleas are small, about 1/8th of an inch, dark red insects. They have sharp, piercing mouths that suck blood. Eggs turn in to larvae and these then become pupae. The cocoons with the pupae get in to our carpets, upholstery and furniture. Pupae then turn in to adult fleas and start multiplying causing extreme infestation.
Flea bites are seen as small bumps, with a minute puncture in the center. It is associated with itching. Bites are more often than not, seen on the lower legs and around the waist. Children are most prone to flea bites. Pets are also affected by fleas.
How To Get Rid Of Flea Infestation?
Typically, fleas attack carpets and pets. Carpets and pet fur make wonderful and snag places for the fleas to breed and stay.
Furniture is another favorite place for flea infestations. Below are mentioned effectual techniques to successfully get rid of fleas and halt their proliferation:
- A thorough cleaning of the house, particularly, carpets, curtains, and pets bedding is very vital.
- Ensure that the eggs are scrubbed out, larvae and pupae eliminated and adult fleas killed.
- Using a vacuum cleaner is recommended. Use disposable dust bags for the cleaner, so that the fleas eliminated will not find their way back. Vacuum clean under beds and sofas.
- Shampoo carpets regularly. Rugs and pet bedding should be machine washed regularly. Use borate based carpet cleaners; they get rid of eggs as well as larvae. Borate based powders are effective for up to 1 year.
- Severe flea infestation calls for professional consultation.
- Brush your pet with a flea comb, with some petroleum jelly on it. Make sure that you check between toes, underarms and behind ears. A daily bath for your pet is advocated, since fleas cannot survive in water. The fleas that are dead or that may have clung to the coat of the animal should be flushed down immediately. Visiting a vet is also advisable.
Home Remedies For Flea Infestation
- The plant Pennyroyal is an excellent flea repellent; and can be planted around the house or kept indoors.
- Cedar wood kept under beds is a great flea repellent.
- Eucalyptus leaves is effective too.
- To keep your pet’s free from fleas; place a few lemons in some water for a few hours. Spray this liquid on to the pet’s coat.
- Essential oils like Lavender and Citronella keep pets free of fleas.
- In case of bites, do not scratch the affected area. Scratching leads to secondary infections.
- Wash the affected area with soap. Use cold water, since hot water triggers itching.
- Apply tea tree oil over the bite. It reduces itching and speeds up healing.
- Use cold compress over the bite, it helps alleviate pain, swelling and itching successfully.
- If symptoms such as fever, headache, body pain, nausea and rash, develop, it is advisable to visit the doctor.