Once a patient receives the prognosis for Stage 4 Colon Cancer, he or she needs to be aware of these two facts:
- The colorectal cancer cells now affect other organs, and the liver or lungs would most likely suffer.
- This stage, also called “Duke’s D” is the fourth and final stage of the cancer, which means this phase is the most severe.
- The survival rate for stage 4 colon cancer patients is under 8%, because the cancer is now difficult to eliminate despite full treatment.
- The life expectancy for stage 4 colon cancer patients is around five years after prognosis. In some rare cases though, patients survive longer.
Treatment Followed for Stage 4 Colon Cancer
Treating Stage 4 Colon Cancer may include the following procedures:
- Surgical removal of the affected colon;
- Surgical removal of affected organs such as the ovaries, or lungs;
- Combining chemotherapy drugs with chemotherapy sessions;
- Immunological regimen or therapy; and
- Radiation therapy.
Colorectal cancer has four stages, starting from zero (0). Early detection of this illness means greater chances of survival since the cancer may still be eliminated with full treatments.
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Colorectal Cancer
The key to fighting the big C is to always be wary of symptoms. The following signs may urge individuals to see the doctor or to undergo cancer screening tests:
- Experiencing drastic changes in one’s habit of moving bowels such as constipation, and consistently having diarrhea;
- Observing that stool appearance has notably changed and narrow stools have been prominent for a number of days;
- Experiencing bleeding in the rectum;
- Having dark or bloody stool;
- Experiencing stomach pain;
- Feeling weak and fatigued; and
- Rapid and unexpected weight loss.
These symptoms may also indicate the occurrence of other less threatening diseases such as hemorrhoids or infection of the bowels. However, it is best to bring the patient to doctor if any of these signs do manifest.