Symptoms and Treatment for Underactive Parathyroid Gland

Underactive Parathyroid Gland

  • The parathyroid gland is a small endocrine gland. Four of these glands are normally found in the body. These glands are responsible for the regulation of the amount of calcium in the blood and bones. These glands release parathyroid hormones.
  • When these glands become underactive, they produce fewer hormones than what the body normally requires.
    This is a serious condition considering the importance and role of parathyroid hormones in the body.
  • The ailment is also serious because of the higher risks of the patient developing hypocalcaemia which is a very serious medical condition. This is serious because hypocalcemia can lead to cardiac arrhythmias or irregularities in heart rate.
  • Diagnosis of this condition is done through studying the medical history of the patient, including any symptom experienced. The patient will also have to undergo several test procedures to check for levels of calcium, serum albumin (for correction) and PTH in the blood.
  • Sometimes, the doctor might also order other tests, including:
    • ECG to check for abnormal heart rhythms
    • Measurement magnesium levels in the blood
  • Oftentimes, it is difficult to directly diagnose hypoparathyroidism.
    Thus, doctors might employ differential diagnosis to eliminate:
    • Malabsorption
    • Kidney disease
    • Vitamin D deficiency
    • Pseudohypoparathyroidism
    • Certain medications, including anti-epileptics, steroids, and diuretics

Underactive Parathyroid Glands Symptoms

Patients who suspect they have hypoparathyroidism should watch out for the following symptoms:

  • Hypocalcaemia
  • Dry hair
  • Dry, scaly skin
  • Abdominal pain
  • Cataracts
  • Brittle nails
  • Tingling lips
  • Tingling fingers and toes
  • Hand or foot spasms
  • Muscle cramps
  • Tetanic contractions
  • Pain in the face
  • Delayed or absent tooth formation
  • Weakened tooth enamel
  • Muscle spasms
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Pain in the legs and feet
  • Convulsions
  • Painful menstruation in women
  • Decreased consciousness
  • Calcification of the basal ganglia
  • Calcification of the joints

Treatment for Hypoparathyroidism Underactive Parathyroid Gland

  • Because hypoparathyroidism can lead to serious medical conditions, it is important that this ailment be treated as soon as possible. Still, finding the right treatment largely depends on determining what should be treated. That means that the root cause of the ailment must first be determined before treatment can be provided.
  • Still, the following are possible treatment options:
    • Supplementation of vitamin D3
    • Supplementation of PTH
    • Intravenous calcium might be administered via central venous catheter – this is done in the event of severe hypocalcemia or life-threatening attack of low calcium levels or tetany

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