Dangers of General Anesthesia and Its Long Term Side Effects

General anesthesia is generally administered during extensive surgical procedures. This puts the patient into an unconscious state and reducing muscle and organ movement which can provide an easy environment for surgeons. A professional anesthesiologist combines three kinds of drugs to achieve the right kind of balance of the effects which includes hypnotics to induce sleep, analgesics to block out sensations, and muscle relaxants.

Short Term General Anesthesia Side Effects

There are those side effects that can wear off for a day or two. These usually depend on the volume and type that is given along with the health condition and age of the patient. These side effects include the following:

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • Fatigue

  • Numbness

  • Weakness

  • Headaches that can range from mild to severe

  • Sore throat

  • Blurred vision and double vision

  • Mood swings

  • Pains in the stomach

  • Black stools

  • Weakness in the writs or legs

  • White part of the eyes may turn yellow.

  • Dizziness and low blood pressure.

  • Unusual dreams

  • Delirium. This is usually common for older patients.

  • Euphoria

  • Temporary paralysis

  • Pain

  • Memory loss

  • Increased in heart rate

  • Fever with very high temperatures

  • Rigid muscles

  • Urinary problems or difficulty in passing out of urine. This may usually get back to normal after a day.

  • Severe joint and muscle discomfort usually near the area where the surgery had been done.

  • Short term dysfunction of cognition and psychomotor performance that results from incomplete removal of the drugs that are used.

Long Term Effects of General Anesthesia

  • Deteriorated cognition skills and changes in cognition.

  • Peripheral nerve damage. The ulnar and peroneal nerve are greatly affected which can be found in the arms and legs.

  • Impairment of the brain.

  • Problems with concentration and attention.

  • Slurred speech

  • Dystonia or a movement disorder of the neurological system that is characterized by twisting and repetitive movements often causing abnormal posture.

  • Depression

  • Aspiration Pneumonitis. This is considered as a lung inflammation and infection that is caused by the reduced level of consciousness that leads to airways being left unprotected.

Dangers of General Anesthesia

  • Allergic reactions to the medicines that are used which often results to breathing difficulties.

  • Bleeding and infection. Bleeding can be seen in the injected area, comes out from the nose, goes out with urine, or with coughs.

  • Spontaneous bruising or any kind of bruise that is not caused by trauma

  • Chest pains

  • Stroke

  • Heat Attacks

  • Irregular beating of the heart and palpitations

  • Severe brain damage

  • Death

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