Anorectal problems are frequent presentations met by a clinician in his day to day practice. The condition may present with combination of symptoms which include pain, lump, bleeding and itch in the anus and the rectal region. Lumps on anus can be without pain or they can be accompanied with pain and itching.
If you experience a lump on anus, it may tend to cause anxiety often related to fear of cancer. The best way to find what is it that causes lump on anus; you have to consult your doctor. There are several reasons for lump on anus. Skin tags, perianal warts, anal carcinoma are lumps that are painless. Some lumps are associated with pain. They include conditions such as perianal hematoma, pilonidal sinus, strangulated piles, perianal abscess. Pain, lump and bleeding is also present in second and third degree piles where the lump is prolapsed on straining, but it is reducible when you lie down.
To diagnose lumps on anus, the physician will carefully take the history. Because lot of things will be revealed and guide correct diagnosis. A careful history of bowel habits, nature of bleeding while passing stool is helpful for various possibilities of lump on anus. A change in bowel habit is common with anorectal cancer. In Rectal polyps, anal fissure the blood is mixed with feces. Anal warts are lumps present on the outer surface of the anus and they may be plain or like a cauliflower growth. Painful lump are usually due to an infective condition such as an abscess in the anorectal region. In Hemorrhoids (piles) bleeding is bright red. It occurs before defecation. Pain while defecation can be a differentiating point for uncomplicated piles and painful fissure. Examination of the perianal area is important to diagnose lump on anus. Anal abscess, fissures, anal warts, prolapsed piles are easily diagnosed on examination.
There may be other symptoms that accompany the rectal and anal symptoms; this depends on the underlying cause and the disorders.
Here are Some of the Symptoms Localized to the Anal Area
- Lump in the anal region.
- Pain in the anal region.
- Pus draining from the lump.
- Discharge of mucus from anus.
- Blood in stool
- Change in bowel habit.
- Constipation or diarrhea.
- Presence of multiple lumps on anus as in the case of anal warts.
- Cauliflower like growth of tissue on the anus caused due to anal warts. It is a sexually transmitted disease.
- Pain while passing stools.
- Patient is unable to sit if there is a perianal abscess.
Lumps on Anus Treatment
Treatment will be focused on the disease causing lump on anus:
- Anal warts: Applying Thuja homeopathic mother tincture locally is effective way of treating anal wart.
Alternatively cryotherapy, surgical excision, laser therapy to remove anal warts is also useful.
- Hemorrhoids: sitz bath.
Juice of white radish juice is beneficial. Add a pinch of salt and drink it twice in a day 60 to 90 ml.
Seeds of mango are effective in treating bleeding hemorrhoid.
Dry figs are also important for treating piles that cause lumps on anus.
- Anorectal abscess:
It may require surgical intervention or an antibiotic therapy. The condition is very painful and requires an urgent attention.
- Anal cancer: radiotherapy, chemotherapy and surgery are the options. It may be decided by the doctor what is best possible mode of treatment for the patient
The patient can eat food rich in vitamins and minerals to enhance the immunity system.