Complications and Treatment for Mouse Bites in Children

Infections and complications from mice bites rarely happen because these animals rarely carry rabies and their bites rarely cause tetanus. However any mouse bites should be taken seriously as a cause for infection especially when the rodent that caused the bite has not been bought from the pet store. Bites from rodents or wild rats are more dangerous as these animals carry more harmful microorganisms and have not received any vaccines unlike mice from pet stores.

Mouse Bites in Children

  • The most common bites coming from rodents are not from dirty sewages and similar places but from pet mice in the household.
  • The most common victims of mouse bites are babies or children who are too playful and may grip the mouse a little too tightly.
  • A mouse that feels threatened can bite however the risk of getting rabies and tetanus can be quite low.
  • A mouse rarely carries rabies and most children have already received complete tetanus shots.
  • The highest risk involved with a mouse bite is the risk of infection because of the possible microorganisms that the mouse carries.
  • Risk of rabies and tetanus may be high with mouse bites coming from sewages and dirty places.

Treatment for Mouse Bites

When a child is bitten by a mouse, the first and foremost treatment that should be given is wound cleaning and wound care.

At home:

  • The bite should be cleaned with mild soap and water.
  • Dab the bite gently with hydrogen peroxide.
  • Remove any dirt or foreign material in the bite.
  • Apply antibiotic treatment.
  • Cover the wound with gauze or bandage.
  • Keep the bite clean and dry all the time.
  • Keep the affected area elevated and keep it rested.
  • The doctor should be notified if the following signs and symptoms are noticed:
    • Fever
    • Worsening of the redness at the affected site
    • Increased tenderness
    • Increasing severity of pain
    • Pus or discharge from the bite site
    • Signs of Cellulitis
    • Signs of Lymphangitis
    • Swollen lymph glands

Medical Treatment

  • Tetanus vaccination for children who have not yet received any tetanus shots
  • Tetanus booster
  • Tetanus immune Globulin treatment
  • The need for a rabies shot will vary depending on the recommendation of the doctor.
  • Analgesics for pain.
  • Anti-inflammatory for redness and swelling.
  • Antibiotics for prophylaxis.

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