The inflammation of the vermiform appendix is known as appendicitis. It is perhaps one of the most common causes for surgery among all age groups. Appendicitis is most frequent in adolescents or young adults. It is usually the result of an obstruction of the intestinal lumen. The obstruction can be due to infection, stricture, fecal mass, tumor, or other foreign bodies.
The inflammation is accompanied by a few, albeit grave manifestations. These include:
- Pain. A localized or generalized pain in the periumbilical, epigastric, or upper right abdomen is felt. In two to twelve hours, the pain is localized in the right lower quadrant. The patient reports a general increase in pain intensity. Abdominal pain is the most important indicator of disease progression. Absence of pain after bouts of complaints is crucial, as this may indicate a ruptured appendix. Immediate surgery follows.
- Gastrointestinal symptoms. These include anorexia, constipation, involuntary guarding of the abdomen, occasional diarrhea, rebound tenderness, abdominal rigidity, nausea, and vomiting.
- Moderate malaise or weakness.
- Mild fever. Laboratory results also show an increase in the white blood cell-count.
Appendicitis Side Effects
If the signs of appendicitis are consequently ignored, this may lead to worse forms of complications. Once the appendix ruptures, the contents of the intestines may occasionally spill into the abdominal cavity. Infection may soon follow. Abscess, which is an infection of any cavity, may form in the stomach, intestine, and surrounding abdominal and pelvic organs. If treatment is not sought, this may lead to diseases such as cancer.
Appendicitis side effects are best prevented by using the following guidelines:
- Avoid heavy lifting. Activities such as lifting and strenuous exercise especially after meals can lead to rupture of the vermiform appendix.
- Avoid seeds. Tiny seeds like sesame and chili seeds are difficult to excrete, as these may attach to mucosal walls and crevices, and may eventually be accumulated in the intestines. A collection of wastes in the appendix can attract white blood cells, macrophages, and other substances. This may harbor bacteria and lead to inflammation.
- Green gram. Around 1 teaspoon of green grams consumed thrice a day can help treat pain brought about by appendicitis.
- Fruit juices. Around 100 mL of cucumber and beet extract mixed with 300 mL of carrot puree consumed twice a day can help treat mild pain.
- Gotu Kola. This herbal medicine has been researched to have connective tissue repairing qualities. It is largely indicated for the healing of normal wounds.