When the brain is deprived of blood supply due to a clot, this can result to embolic stroke. This further leads to ischemia wherein brain cells begin to die away as a result of the lack of oxygen. People of any age can develop this condition, but some have a higher risk than the others.
In order to minimize the risk of acquiring this disease, one must keep a balanced nutrition and a healthy lifestyle.
This kind of stroke falls under ischemic strokes since the brain cells experience oxygen deprivation. Usually, blood cells from somewhere in the body form the clot or emboli. This can also be due to cluster of bacteria, fat cells and cancer cells. When a clot is formed, it goes into the blood stream and travels through the body. This can end up in any of the blood vessels that supplies to the brain.
Embolic Stroke Symptoms
The following are the most common symptoms a person suffering from embolic stroke would manifest:
- Sudden terrible headache without any reasons.
- Coordination and balance problems along with dizziness and difficulty walking.
- Difficulty in seeing.
- Disorientation, confusion and difficulty understanding and talking.
- Sudden body weakness, and one-sided numbness in the extremities or face.
Embolic Stroke Causes
As earlier said, embolic stroke is due to a clot which blocks a blood vessel, usually an artery in the brain. This is a type of ischemic stroke wherein cells and tissues in the brain are not adequately supplied with oxygen-carrying blood. In turn, these tissues and cells would start to die in just few hours when there is continuous oxygen deprivation.
The blood clot can lodge in any of the arteries at the base of the brain, in the neck or within the brain itself. Furthermore, clot can also develop in the brain. This can also be formed anywhere in the body system and gets transported to the brain. Ischemic stroke comprises of 80 percent of all stroke cases in the country and about 20 percent of those suffering from this die in just a month-time. Those who luckily survive this condition suffer from permanent disabilities.
Embolic Stroke Treatment
The following are the related treatment options for embolic stroke:
- Anticoagulants: These are medications that can prevent blood clot formation. These hinder clots from getting bigger and prevent formation of new clots.
- Anti-platelet compounds: These agents have the ability to get into the blood’s processes involving clot formation. They hinder platelets to group together and develop into a clot.
- Tissue plasminogen activator: This is a known effective cure for ischemic stroke that is non-hemorrhagic in nature.