Sinuses are air filled cavities situated above, behind and below the eyes. Each of these sinuses is connected to inside of the nose. Therefore they are also called paranasal sinuses. The paranasal sinuses are in pairs in the skull and its facial contour, they are; maxillary, frontal, ethmoid and sphenoid paranasal sinuses.
The one that lies under the cheekbone are called maxillary sinuses. Frontal sinuses are present above the eyes in the forehead area. Sinuses present in ethmoid bones are called ethmoidal sinuses, this tiny air filled space lie adjacent to nasal bone and eye. Sphenoid sinuses are situated in the sphenoid bone, which lies deep inside the skull.
Sinusitis is inflammation and irritation in any one or more than one of the paranasal sinus cavities. Pansinusitis is a term used when all the paranasal sinuses become inflamed and irritated. It is rather a serious condition which requires prompt treatment.
Causes And Symptoms Of Pansinusitis
Usually pansinusitis occurs due to bacterial, viral or fungal infection and allergies.
The germs that cause pansinusitis enter through the nose. An upper respiratory tract infection is the most frequent cause for pansinusitis. Other possibilities of infection include swimming in contaminated water, spread of infection from teeth abscess, irritation of sinuses from dust, air pollution, tobacco smoking etc.
Structural problems in the nose such as deviated nasal septum, and polyps can also be cause for chronic pansinusitis.
Since pansinusitis is nothing but sinusitis involving all the paranasal sinuses, the symptoms are similar to that of sinusitis, but they are more severe and serious in nature.
These symptoms include, fever, headache, thick yellow and green nasal discharge, nose block, swelling of face, cough, toothache, earache, sore throat, exhaustion, cough, foul breath. Pain and restlessness associated with pansinusitis are far more than inflammation of single paranasal sinus.
The disease becomes more serious when the infection spreads into the brain as a result of close proximity of the brain and ethmoid sinuses.
Treatment And Home Remedies For Pansinusitis
Pansinusitis is a serious condition and it should not be neglected. Rather it can lead to serious consequences if not treated in time. The doctor suspecting pansinusitis will advise the patient to perform series of tests which include radiological imaging with CT scan or MRI, x-ray of paranasal sinuses. Finding the right organism with the help of microbiological tests will aid the doctor in giving the right antibiotic treatment.
In case if pansinusitis occur recurrently as a result of nasal polyp or deviated nasal septum (DNS), the doctor may advise surgical approach to correct DNS or remove the polyp. This will restore normal drainage from the paranasal sinuses.
Pansinusitis Home Remedies
Since pansinusitis is much grave condition than infection of single paranasal sinus, treatment with antibiotics or antifungal remedy is of prime importance. However few home treatments may compliment the main line of treatment.
- Inhaling steam is an effective way of relieving sinus congestion. It helps to drain out the thick mucus from the sinuses.
- Increasing the immunity level is as much important as anything else. Eat fruits, vegetables, and other healthy food which is rich in vitamins and other nutrients.
- Drink plenty of water, as it helps the mucus to become thin. Hot herbal teas are also useful as they contain elements which help to make the mucus thin.
- To get relief from congestion, you can instill nasal saline drops prepared at home.