The bowel comprises of the colon, rectum, anal canal, and cecum; the appendix is about 4 inches long and is connected to the cecum. The function of the appendix is still not clear, but experts postulate that it helps the beneficial bacteria re-colonize the gut after an infection.
The appendix may get inflamed and filled with pus in case there is an abdominal infection which spreads to it, or if there’s an obstruction that occludes the area inside of your appendix. A partially ruptured appendix is a life-threatening condition.
The standard treatment procedure to manage a case of appendicitis is appendectomy, i.e. surgery to remove the appendix.
Causes And Symptoms Of Partially Ruptured Appendix
By and large, the condition begins with appendicitis or an inflammation of the organ that is characterized by excruciating, agonizing pain in the right aspect of the abdomen. There will be accompanying vomiting, fever, and constipation alternating with diarrhea and swelling of the tummy.
In case the appendix is not excised within 24 – 72 hours after the symptoms commence, the appendix may rupture. Consequently, the appendix develops a tear, whereby the contents leak in to the rest of the abdomen, setting off infections, such as septicemia.
As the pressure increases, the amount of blood that flows through the wall of the appendix decreases. The appendix is starved of blood and starts to die. The muscular wall in one area of the appendix will get very thin and it will break open, allowing the pus from inside the appendix to exude out in to the abdominal cavity.
When the appendix ruptures, you may feel a little better as the excruciating pain subsides. In a short while, pus-filled abscesses develop around the appendix. Peritonitis sets in, i.e. an infection of the peritoneum. The inflammation and pain which had subsided, will spread all through the abdomen, and will aggravate with every movement.
A partially ruptured appendix is definitely a life threatening condition and could very well result in death. It is most crucial to diagnose appendicitis or abscess of the appendix promptly. Once the symptoms become apparent, it is vital to make a very quick and correct diagnosis and start the most suitable type of treatment to ward off complications, including death.
Treatment Options For Partially Ruptured Appendix
Your doctor needs to promptly make the precise diagnosis and the extent of spread of the infection. He will typically try to manage the peritonitis before conducting the appendectomy and prevent septicemia from setting in.
The treatment regimen comprises of draining the pus from the abdominal cavity and battling the infection with antibiotics for almost 8 weeks.
Some experts on the other hand recommend excising out the ruptured appendix immediately, without wasting any time and then managing the infection; given that, it promises a more rapid recovery and lesser post-operative complications, especially in children.
A ruptured appendix does lead to death in a few cases. Untreated and neglected, peritonitis is known to spread quickly, causing septicemia. A cascade of reactions occurs, in due course causing a septic shock which can eventually result in a multiple organ failure and, consequently, death.