Pressure and pain in the anal or rectal area are common symptoms of several conditions. Generally, patients will feel mild discomforts and irritations but there are times when the pain can be severe and incapacitating. Sometimes, the pain and pressure that is felt can reach deeper within the pelvic muscles or on the upper part of the rectal passage.
These symptoms are common to both men and women and often do not need hospitalization. But if there are other symptoms that go with it like fever, strange anal discharges, abdominal pain, and continuous bleeding, it is vital to visit the hospital for a check-up.
What Causes Pressure and Pain in Anus
- Hemorrhoids. This is the painful swelling of the hemorrhoidal veins that are located in the anus.
- Anal Fissure. A condition that is characterized by small tears or splits on the rectum’s opening and is caused by constipation and the tightening of the sphincter tone or the muscle that controls the opening and closing of the anus.
- Proctalgia Fugax. Patients will experience fleeting pain in the affected area which caused the spasms in the sphincter muscle.
- Levator ani Syndrome. The syndrome affects the group of muscles that support the anus. Spasmodic episodes of these muscles cause the pain.
- Herpes virus infection. Pain that can be experienced is similar to an anal fissure. When the virus attacks the anal area, it causes cracks to form which also bring about soreness.
- Anorectal abscess. An abscess that develops in the anus or close to it creates a throbbing pain that can turn severe after a few days.
- Proctitis. This is a medical condition that is characterized by the inflammation of the rectum’s lining.
- Inflammatory Bowel Disease like Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
- Rectal prolapse or when there are foreign bodies in the rectal area and cancer.
Treatment for Pain in Anus
There are several treatment options that can be applied, including self-care home remedies. These options depend on what is causing the pain and pressure in the anal area.
- Patients with proctalgia fugax do not need any kind of treatment since the symptoms that are experienced last briefly.
- Those that have levator ani syndrome can sit in a tub that is filled with warm water or take over the counter anti-inflammatory medications. Massaging the levator ani muscles or the group of muscles that surround and support the anus can manage muscle spasms and ease pain.
- Hemorrhoids and anal fissures can be dealt with by sitting on a tub with warm water for at least 20 minutes several times per day, applying over-the-counter creams, and taking stool softeners and consuming fiber-rich foods.
- Infections and other diseases will need proper medical care. Anorectal abscess needs to be incised by a doctor.