Yellow Brittle Nails
The nails of the individual tell a lot about his health. Normal nails are usually associated with good health, while abnormalities in nails may signify conditions and illnesses. Brittle nails usually occur in old age. However, in some cases they can be caused by other factors. Yellow and brittle nails are a condition caused by microscopic microorganisms called dermatophytes, which grow on the nail bed or underneath the nail, and feeds on keratin, the protein found in nails.
The condition normally starts with the appearance of white or yellow patches on the far end of the nail. If left untreated, the patches will progress towards the base of the nail attacking the nail root, and causing the nail to grow very thick and deformed. Initially, the condition affects first the nail on the big toe or thumb, and spreads towards the nails on the fingers or toes.
What Causes Yellow Brittle Nails
The brittleness and yellowing of nails has several causes including a symptom of an underlying disease or infection. The brittleness of nails may be caused by a thyroid problem or iron deficiency, while the yellowing can be a sign of a disease in liver, lungs, and glucose. Also, as mentioned earlier, dermatophytes cause the nails to turn yellow and become brittle.
- Vitamin deficiency.
- Lack of water or fluids.
- Fungal infection brought about by onychomycosis fungus or dermatophytes. The inhabitation of fungus may be preceded by:
- Nail injury
- Inflammation because of an ingrown nail.
- Inappropriate cutting of nails.
- Sweaty shoes and damp socks.
The yellow nail condition can be detected by observing the following symptoms:
- The nail becomes brittle, prompting it to split or cracks.
- The nail thickens and deforms while growing, and the pain experienced is similar to an ingrown nail.
- If the condition becomes severe, an inflammation may occur due to the ingrown nail that may lead to a secondary infection.
- If the condition is left untreated for a longer period of time, the nail will brittle severely, causing episodes of its removal and re-growth.
Yellow Brittle Toenails Treatment
If the condition is caused by inadequate vitamins, then a complete supplement coupled with healthy diet will help cure the yellow nails. Drinking plenty of water helps expel toxins, fungus, and other harmful microorganisms. Other home remedies include:
- Apply coconut or vegetable oil to the nails three to four times a day.
- Eat foods rich in vitamin B to strengthen the re-growing nails.
- Wear gloves while handling substances like detergents and cleansing agents.
- Wash hands and nails thoroughly after swimming in the pool.
- If the temperatures are high, protect the nails by wearing mittens.