Make-ups contain ingredients that act as antigens like preservatives and fragrances. These antigens can trigger an allergic reaction.
Contact dermatitis which is the general term for allergic reaction to make-up has two types and these are irritant contact dermatitis and allergen contact dermatitis. Irritant contact dermatitis occurs when the skin comes in contact with an irritating substance or something that is harsh like some chemicals used in make-up that damages the skin.
Allergen contact dermatitis on the other hand occurs when patient have certain allergies on some of the ingredients that are used in making make-ups.
The immune system often signals the skin to cause a reaction when there are foreign substances that it considers as harmful just like certain ingredients in make-up. This causes allergic reactions. There are also make-ups that contain harsh chemicals and other ingredients which readily harms the skin even when allergens are not present.
The allergic reactions are common and often do not cause any alarm. But in rare cases, some reactions can cause severe damages to the skin and other parts of the body.
Allergic Reaction to Makeup Symptoms
Symptoms associated with irritant contact dermatitis caused by makeup start with itchy and scaly skin that forms into patches. These symptoms will be followed by red rashes that eventually will turn into blisters. Oozing of the blisters can be observed when it is scratched or come in contact with harmful substances.
The allergen contact dermatitis has its own set of symptoms. These include swelling, redness, and itching. At often times, a hive-like breakout occurs. These symptoms occur not only on the area where make-up had been placed but almost in all areas of the face and other parts of the body like the neck and the chest.
Patients should take note that the symptoms of allergic reactions due to makeups appear in different times. For those make-ups that have harsh antigens, symptoms usually will appear within hours. There are those that will appear after months or even years of using make-up.
Allergic Reaction to Makeup Treatment
Basic thing to do when allergic reactions occur is to avoid using makeup or the specific product that have caused the reaction.
Creams or ointments that have cortisone or hydrocortisone can help in managing the redness, itchiness and swelling.
For severe cases of reactions, doctors can prescribe medications that can control the symptoms.
Antibiotics can be used for those reactions that turned into blisters and have been infected.
It is always good for patients to follow preventive measures for allergy reactions when it comes to using makeup. There are mini-patch tests that can be used to test if a certain makeup product causes allergic reactions.