Panic attacks are episodes of sudden onset of fear and apprehension. It is a very frightening feeling that could lead many to believe they are having a heart or high blood pressure attack. These panic attacks could occur due to many different reasons, mostly psychological and in response to a stimulus such as a traumatic experience.
Physical Symptoms Of Panic Attacks And Anxiety
It is important not to rule out a heart or high blood pressure attack immediately. After all, these are very life-threatening conditions. Still, there is no need to add more panic to an already panic-stricken person by leading him to believe he/she is having a serious high blood pressure or heart attack.
The following symptoms signify that the patient is experiencing a panic attack, not other conditions:
- Trembling or shaking
- Dizziness or becoming unsteady, lightheaded, or faint
- Palpitations or accelerated heart rate that can be “felt” by the patient
- Sensations of shortness of breath
- Chest pain or discomfort
- Sense of impending death or fear of losing control
- Tingling sensations
- There may be slight changes to the blood pressure but, often, the pressure is within normal limits
- Tinnitus or ringing in the ears
- Uncontrollable urge to cry
- Waves of sadness and fear
What Are The Causes Of Panic Attacks?
There are many possible reasons why panic attacks occur.
- Certain medications. Panic attacks could be a side effect or a withdrawal symptom due to the medication.
- Certain phobias. This often holds true to those who are suddenly exposed to the subject of their phobia. Thus, this can vary among patients as different people will have different phobias, if any.
- Withdrawal symptoms from alcohol and drugs.
- Certain ailments and biological causes. These include post traumatic stress disorder, diabetes and hypoglycemia, mitral valve prolapse, obsessive compulsive disorder, etc.
- Trauma and exposure to a nightmarish or scary event
- Heredity. Studies have linked certain genes to panic attacks. Thus, it can be found among family members.
- Sudden changes or drop in body chemicals and hormones. This could be due to poison or medicine or ailments.
Home Remedies For Panic Attacks
First, determine the exact reason for the panic attack and address that. Still, the following are possible simple home remedies:
- Breathing normally. This might sound ridiculous but, really, many people experiencing a panic attack tend to hold their breath or do so in rapid, shallow breathing. Try deep breathing first. Then, try to calm down and exhale in and out in regular intervals.
- Massage the neck, back area, and throat. This will help relax the muscles.
- Aromatherapy can help soothe taught nerves and muscles.
- Try to divert your attention by listening to music or reading jokes or comics.