Arteriosclerosis Heart Disease Causes | Arteriosclerosis Causes

There are certain factors that would cause arteriosclerosis. The lifestyle of an individual plays a major role for this condition. There are also other factors to be considered in the process. Sometimes knowing the cause of such illness would actually allow you greater chances of preventing this from happening to you.

  • Narrowing of the lumen usually causes arteriosclerosis.
  • Obstruction either by a tumor or thrombosis can lead to arteriosclerosis. The blood in the arteries would be viscous, and it will tend to easily accumulate and occlude the blood vessels thus cause the obstruction.
  • Subsequent fibrosis of the organs also plays a vital role in the causative factors of arteriosclerosis.
  • Reaction to injury. Vascular endothelial cell injury results from prolonged hemodynamic forces such as shearing, stresses, turbulent flow, irradiation, chemical response, chronic hyperlipidemia in the arterial system—all these can cause obstruction and thus hardening of the arteries.
  • Injury to the endothelial increases the aggregation of platelets and monocytes at the site of injury.
  • Smooth muscles would migrate and proliferate allowing a matrix of collagen and elastic fibers to form.
  • Other underlying conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure and metabolic disorders play a huge role in the occurrence of this condition. Diabetes usually causes blood to become viscous due to the high level of glucose. This in turn will result to occlusion of the blood vessels. High blood pressure causes the heart to increase its pumping mechanism due to the decrease in the supply of oxygen to other parts of the body. Due to this, the body compensates and prolonged condition of such results to stenosis of the arterial walls—and it plays a huge role in the major complications such as stroke.
  • Diet containing high levels of cholesterol.
  • Diet containing high levels of saturated fats—also referred to as animal fats.
  • Emotional stress.
  • Heredity. If heart conditions runs in the bloodline, you are at high risk for getting the illness.
  • Sex hormones. Men are more prone to this condition. Women have a lesser chance of having this condition due to the menopausal factors they will be experiencing later on.

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