What are the signs and symptoms to watch out for? Do the symptoms of the disease come gradually?
Clinical signs and symptoms resulting from arteriosclerosis depend in the organ or tissue affected. It also depends on the location of the arteries greatly affected. Enumerated below are basically the early and generalized symptoms an individual with arteriosclerosis would likely experience:
- Shortness of breath: When there is obstruction in the blood vessels, there is a decreased distribution and circulation of nutrients, most importantly oxygen, which is carried through the bloodstream.
- Dizziness: This is due to the decreased blood circulation. Major organs will not be able to receive enough oxygen due to the obstruction of the blood vessels.
- Numbness or coldness of the extremities: This is still due to the obstruction of the blood vessels. There is not enough blood to be circulated within the body; hence, it would likely cause numbness due to the muscle spasm coping with decrease oxygen and coldness. Also, blood is warm in nature; if there is poor blood circulation in the area, it would result to cold extremities.
- Certain types of senility are symptoms of hardening of the arteries in the brain.
- Increased blood pressure is one symptom of arteriosclerosis. There is an increase of blood pressure due to the compensatory mechanism that the body undergoes.
- Body malaise and fatigue can also result from the decreased blood circulation.