An artery comprises of smooth muscle cells that are located along the walls of the artery, which allows some degree of flexibility and helps regulate blood pressure. Arteriosclerosis is a condition which is associated with thickening or hardening of the walls of the arteries, such that they lose their elasticity.
This condition is primarily attributed to deposition of plaque along the internal lining of the arteries.
Cerebral arteriosclerosis is a serious medical condition. The thickening of the walls of the artery causes the internal lumen to become narrow and thereby increases the risk of blood clots or emboli getting clogged in the passage. This in turn can obstruct blood flow to different part of the brain, resulting in a stroke. Occasionally, the weakened arterial wall may prolapse resulting in a bulge, leading to a condition called aneurysms.
Signs And Symptoms Of Cerebral Arteriosclerosis
The symptoms associated with cerebral arteriosclerosis may differ depending upon the severity of the condition and the extent of involvement of the arterial plexus supplying to the brain.
- Severe headache which may or may not be associated with facial pain.
- Impairment of vision is common when arteriosclerosis affects the blood vessel supplying to the optic nerve or the eye ball.
- Stroke can be observed in advanced cases of cerebral arteriosclerosis. There are two forms of stroke- ischemic stroke, which is caused due to blockage of an artery resulting in damage to the tissue and hemorrhagic stroke, which is caused due to bursting of the blood vessel in the brain. Both these conditions can be fatal.
- Recurrent minor and symptom free strokes can result in vascular dementia, which is characterized by personality changes such as excessive weeping, transient befuddlement, irritability and excessive weeping.
While the above sets of symptoms are indicative of cerebral arteriosclerosis, there are series of radiological and imaging studies that need to be performed to review the extent of brain damage and progression of the condition. The commonly used imaging studies include MRI and Computer Tomography which can reveal information related to strokes and vascular dementia.
Cerebral Arteriosclerosis Treatment & Home Remedies
While the principle for treatment of arteriosclerosis in general applies to cerebral arteriosclerosis, this condition is considered to be more life-threatening and may require immediate medical attention in case of exacerbation of the symptoms. Some of the common home based and lifestyle tips for management of the condition include,
- Quit smoking and reduce the intake of alcohol. Also limit the intake of fats and fatty acids, especially saturated fats in the diet. Avoid trans-fats completely. Use olive oil or coconut oil to cook food instead of refined and hydrogenated oils.
- Regular exercise and yoga should be an integral part of the treatment regimen. These help keep the body agile, enhance blood circulation and control cholesterol levels in blood.
- Ensure that you take adequate quantity of calcium and magnesium supplements. Studies have suggested that calcium can help regulate blood pressure and thereby help reduce the risk of complications associated with cerebral arteriosclerosis.
- Homeopathic drug namely Aurum Met is considered very useful in general treatment of arteriosclerosis. The drug should be taken in low potency and should be repeated for about three times a day.