One of the most common causes for hip pain is arthritis of hip joint. Arthritis is characterized by inflammation of the joints. It is chronic disorder which gradually becomes worse with time. Arthritis can affect any joint, but it is more common in two large joints, the knee and hip joint.
Different type of arthritis can affect the hip joint; they are osteoarthritis, rheumatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylosis, psoriatic arthritis, and systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis is a chronic disorder and does not have any cure, but there are various modalities available to alleviate pain and joint mobility.
Types And Causes Of Hip Arthritis
- Osteoarthritis of hip: It is one of the most common types of arthritis affecting the hip. Basically osteoarthritis is a disease of old age. It occurs due to wear and tear of the hip joint. That is the reason it is more prevalent in older people than young individuals.
- Rheumatic arthritis: It is an autoimmune disorder affecting any joint of the body, including the hip joint. In this condition the hip joint inflammation occurs due to immune problem and not because of wear and tear of the joint. Young as well as old all suffer from rheumatic arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis affects both the hips.
- Anylosing spondylosis of hip: It is primary disorder affecting the spine and the sacroiliac joint. Sometimes the inflammatory changes may extend to the hip. It is more common in young individuals between the ages of 20 to 35 years. Men are more affected than women. The exact cause is not known, but the condition is suspected to be caused due to abnormal immune system.
- Psoriatic and Lupus erythematosus both can affect hip joints giving rise to pain and disability of hip joint. Both this conditions are auto immune disorder. People with psoriatic arthritis also have skin lesions; red scaly patches on the skin.
Symptoms Of Arthritis Of The Hip
The symptoms of any form of hip arthritis are as follows:
- Pain in hip joint.
- Arthritis may affect one or both the hips.
- Pain in inner side of thigh, buttocks, and outer thigh.
- Pain aggravates in morning after getting up from bed. After few steps or activity pain decreases.
- But rigorous activity can worsen the pain in long duration.
- Stiffness in hip joint. Difficulty while walking.
- Limping gait.
- Shortening of one leg.
- Increase in pain during rainy season.
Other joints may also be involved together with hip joint. Patient often becomes tired easily in rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis. Remission and flare ups are common in rheumatoid arthritis of hip.
Treatment Options For Hip Arthritis
Hip arthritis is a painful condition which may also affect the way you walk. It is gradually deteriorating condition of the joint. The structures inside the hip joint are damaged slowly. Hip arthritis requires to be treated to make the life of patient comfortable as much as possible.
- Conventional treatment such as painkillers and anti inflammatory medicines helps to alleviate pain and swelling in the joint space. However, these medicines cannot be taken for long duration because of their side effects.
- Physiotherapy exercise, hot fomentation, use of supports such as canes and walkers makes the regular life of patient easier.
- Modifying lifestyle is important factor in reducing stress to the hip joint. Patient should avoid drinking alcohol and cigarette smoking.
- Certain home remedies are useful. Fish oil, flax seeds are useful in reducing inflammation of the joint.
- In case if patient is completely immobilized, hip replacement surgery may be necessary.