Burn Reaction Treatment and First Aid at Home or Hospital

Burn Reaction

Managing burns is very difficult because it is very painful and may result in disfiguring and disabling, amputation, scarring of the affected parts and if not manage effectively it may cause death in severe cases. Shock is one of the common complications of burn and multiple organ failure, dehydration, respiratory distress may also occur.

There are three types of burn: first degree burn, second degree burn and the third degree burn.

First Degree Burn

  • First degree burn is red and sensitive when touched and the affected skin part appeared blanched when light pressure is applied.

  • In first degree burns, only the outer layer of the skin called epidermis is affected. This type of burn involves small tissue damage.

  • Redness and swelling can be felt on the affected area. One good example of first degree burn is overexposure to sunlight or sunburn.

Second Degree Burn

  • Second degree burn affects the dermis and the epidermis. This may result in pain, swelling, redness and some blisters.

  • Hair follicles and sweat glands are usually affected by second degree burns.

  • If not treated immediately it may cause swelling and may decrease blood flow. Situations like these may eventually lead to third degree burn.

Third Degree Burn

  • Third degree burn is also called full thickness burn.

  • Both the outer layer of the skin and the entire layer beneath it is affected.

  • The common cause for third degree burn is direct contact from flame, chemical or heated metal etc.

  • Symptoms are dry leathery skin that are black, yellow or brown in color.

  • Unlike the first and second degree burn, third degree burn does not have pain because the nerve endings are already destroyed.

Burn Reaction Treatment

Burns may be treated with first aid, at home or at the hospital setting.

First Aid at home:

  • Remove the cause of burn.

  • If some chemicals are involved, flush the chemicals off the skin with the use of running water. Do this for 15 minutes or more.

  • Apply wet compress to relieve pain.

  • Wrap the affected area with dry dressing or a clean cloth.

  • Do not apply any household ointment to a chemical burn.

  • Do not remove blister.

  • For second and third degree burns, seek medical help immediately.

  • If the person is suffering from seizures and difficulty of breathing or has fainted, call for medical help immediately.

If the case is severe, specialized treatment and care may be required. Intensive care may be another option.

  • Treatment of burns may include removal of dead skin tissue also known as debridement.

  • Applying wound dressings, continuous administering large volume of fluids and intake of antibiotics and skin grafting should be done.

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