Burns can be classified in three categories; first degree burn, second degree burn and third degree burn. Before treating any burn injury, it is necessary to assess the extent of burn and its severity.
First degree burns are commonly experienced in day to day life, for example mild sunburn, it involves slight redness and pain on the outer surface of the skin.
Second degree burns involve deeper layers of the skin, or all the layers of the skin. Besides pain and redness, in this type of burn injury the skin becomes swollen, puffy and blistered. It is necessary to take medical opinion when you suffer from second degree burn.
Third degree burn involves all the layers of skin and deeper tissue and organs. The skin becomes is charred or turns white. Pain is not felt as the nerves are damaged. The skin may break open in some cases. Third degree burns are a medical emergency, and they need urgent medical attention without delay.
How to Heal Burns Naturally
- The first and most important thing that you should do in first and second degree burns is to run cool tap water over the burn for 10 to 15 minutes. Cool water is the best and immediate treatment for minor burns. It reduces the heat on the burnt skin and gives relief in pain. Besides it also removes the adhered dirt and debris from the burned area.
- Remove rings and bracelets and other articles from your limbs as swelling may make it difficult to be removed later on.
- For first degree burn, leave the area as it is without covering. If the area rubs to your clothing, apply a thin piece of gauze; take precaution that the tape is plastered away from the burns.
- Change the bandage the next day. You can apply a thin layer of aloe vera gel on the burn. Fresh gooey juice of aloe vera from cut leaves is well known for treating burns naturally. Aloe vera fights the bacteria, relieves pain and inflammation. Aloe vera contains allantoin a substance that speeds the healing.
- You can also apply honey over minor burns. Honey prevents infection and accelerates healing. It is an effective remedy for treating burns naturally.
- For mild secondary burns, do not break the blisters or when the blisters break open, apply aloe vera gel or an antibiotic ointment and cover it with a sterile dressing. Remove the dressing daily and clean the wound. You should always take all the necessary aseptic precautions while doing the dressing. Wash your hands with soap before doing dressing.
- Third degree burn requires immediate hospitalization. Have the person lie down to prevent shock. Cover the area with clean sheet in cool water.