Bursitis is the inflammation of a bursa; which is a minute sac filled with fluid. A bursa functions like a gliding surface, decreasing friction between tissues of the body. There are 160 bursae in our body. Major bursae are situated close to the tendons of the large joints, such as, the shoulders, hips, elbows and knees.
Bursitis frequently develops near joints which carry out repetitive movements. The treatment of bursitis comprises of resting the afflicted joint and preventing further injury and strain. By and large, the pain fades within a couple of weeks with appropriate treatment; however, recurring flare ups are known to occur.
Bursitis of the heel is a very painful condition, affecting the bursae, which function like cushions among the heel bones, and the tendons and muscles near the joint. When the bursae adjacent to the heel get inflamed, bursitis occurs. Bursitis of the heel is characterized by excruciating pain, redness and swelling; also, walking and movement become painful and difficult.
Commonest causes of bursitis are recurring movements or positions which inflame the bursae around the heel joint.
Symptoms Of Bursitis In Heel
Symptoms and clinical manifestations of bursitis are:
- Stiffness and achiness.
- Severe pain in the heel when you walk.
- The joint appears red, inflamed and swollen.
Home Remedies For Bursitis In The Heel
Treatment for bursitis consists of conservative measures, like, rest, ice pack application and taking analgesics. Follow these guidelines to manage bursitis and prevent relapses.
- Rest is the very first thing that you need to do, to bring about rapid healing and relief.
- Apply ice over the heel bone. However, don’t apply directly, wrap a few cubes in a cloth and place over the painful area for 15 minutes, at least 5 to 6 times every day. Ice reduces inflammation and swelling successfully, thereby, allaying the symptoms of bursitis.
- Alternate heat application and ice application also yields benefits. Ice eases pain and swelling; whilst heat will allay the pain and make quick recovery and movement possible.
- Over the counter analgesics will also help allay pain promptly.
- In case your doctor suspects infection, he will prescribe an antibiotic to manage the infection effectively.
- Physical therapy yields brilliant results in a case of bursitis. Physiotherapy will help strengthen the muscles around the affected area; and help alleviate pain and discomfort and help prevent recurrences.
- Ginger tea is another effective home remedy. Ginger is packed with a compound called gingerols; these are potent anti inflammatory agents which diminish inflammation and swelling and help manage the case better.
- Massaging the heel will afford relief as well. Take 5 ml of almond oil or sesame seed oil; warm it, and add 2 drops of nutmeg essential oil. Apply this to your affected area and massage gently for 5 to 10 minutes. This will rapidly decrease the pain and inflammation.
- In cases which do not respond to any treatment, the physician may prescribe corticosteroid injections in to the bursa to ease inflammation, pain and tenderness. This will bring about quick pain relief.
- Sometimes, surgical intervention becomes necessary to manage bursitis. Occasionally when all other measures fail to bring about respite, your health care provider may advocate surgery to manage bursitis. The inflamed bursa may need to be surgically drained, but only hardly ever, is surgery needed.