Ischiogluteal bursa is a small sac containing lubricating fluid located along the ischio-gluteal junction, at the base of the pelvis. This bursa plays an important role in reducing friction between the surrounding soft tissue layers.
Ischiogluteal bursitis refers to inflammation of the bursa tissue, which is often associated with surrounding tissue damage, resulting in pain in the buttocks.
The ischiogluteal bursa is typically located between the hamstring tendon (i.e. the tendon originating from the hamstring muscles) and the ischial tuberosity of the pelvic bone. The primary function of the hamstrings is to bend and straighten the knee during activities like jumping, running, kicking, etc.
Under normal conditions, the contraction of the hamstring puts pressure on the tendon and causes it to rub with the ischiogluteal bursa. Excessive force or too frequent repetitive contractions can cause irritation of the bursa, resulting in the onset of the condition called ischiogluteal bursitis.
Other common cause for the development of the condition is sudden and direct trauma to the bursa, which is usually seen following a direct fall on the buttocks. Sitting for long duration of time, in uncomfortable positions may also trigger the onset of this condition.
Natural Treatment For Ischiogluteal Bursitis
The diagnosis of the condition is made based on X-ray investigations, though in some cases CT or MRI scanning may be required. In general the prognosis of the condition is fairly good, provided rehabilitation and physiotherapy exercises are started immediately following the diagnosis.
The success rate of the treatment usually depends upon the compliance of the patient. The focus of the treatment regimen is to provide sufficient time for the body to naturally heal itself, while gradually returning to normal activities in an organized and pain free manner. Here are some tips on the treatment regimen,
- Rest plays a very important role especially during the first 72 hours. Local application of ice compress will not only help alleviate the pain, but can also help in improving mobility of the patient. Keeping the leg elevated prevents accumulation of venous blood in the affected leg.
- Add two table spoons of turmeric in a glass of warm milk and consume it twice a day. Turmeric has strong anti-inflammatory action which can help reduce the pain.
- Mix about three to four pods of freshly crushed garlic to raw honey and consume them. Garlic also has strong anti-inflammatory properties, while honey has a soothing effect.
- Homeopathic drug Mag Phos, taken in low potency can also help alleviate the pain associated with bursitis. However this medicine needs to be taken only after consultation with your physician.
Ischiogluteal Bursitis Exercises
Exercises or stretches should be started about three to four days after the onset of pain or after the pain has subsided significantly. Don’t overstretch the muscles, as this may aggravate the condition and delay the healing process. Some of the simple exercises include,
- Strengthening the hips: Stand erect. Now raise your right leg high, such that it is bent at the hip joint and the thigh is parallel to the floor, when you raise the leg. Repeat this with the left leg.
- Strengthen the hamstrings: Stand erect and bend forward as far as you can, so that your fingers touch your toes. While doing this, ensure that your knees are not bent. This will help strengthen your hamstring muscles.