Calcium deposits on the skin are referred to as ‘calcinosis’ which is a disorder which is associated with lumps of calcium getting deposited under the skin. While this condition can affect any part of the skin, it is more frequently observed on the face. The primary underlying factor for calcinosis is tissue damage, which triggers the deposition of calcium in areas where calcium is not usually deposited.
The lumps of calcium tend to affect a specific localized area under the skin, however occasionally there may be diffused deposits throughout the skin. There a four basic forms of calcium deposits that have been identified,
- Dystrophic calcinosis: This is the most common form of calcium deposits on the face and is associated with higher than normal levels of phosphate or calcium in the blood.
- Metastatic calcinosis: Calcium deposits occur at a particular site and then spread to other sites. In this case the original site is considered to be the primary cause.
- Iatrogenic calcinosis: Iatrogenic calcinosis is characterized by calcium deposition on the face around a recent surgery or a wound stitch, following a minor cut.
- Idiopathic calcinosis: No apparent cause for calcium deposits.
What Causes Calcium Deposits On Face?
The primary cause for calcium deposits is due to the inability of the kidney to eliminate excess amount of phosphates and calcium in the blood. This results in deposition of calcium residue on the skin of the face. There are other factors which can also lead to calcium deposits on face,
- Over stimulated thyroid and parathyroid glands can also act as a contributing factor. Parathyroid glands regulate the metabolism of calcium and over stimulation can lead to higher levels in blood and thereby cause deposition under the skin.
- Excessive intake of vitamin D, calcium or magnesium supplements can also be associated with higher risk of calcium deposits on the face.
- Disease conditions like Paget’s disease of the bone can also increase the chances of calcium deposition on the face.
- This condition is also found to be associated with a host of autoimmune disorders like rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma and lupus.
- Injury to the face or presence of a tumor on the face can also trigger depositions at the site. Occasionally acne can also lead to calcium deposits.
Home Remedies To Get Rid Of Calcium Deposits On Face
It is important to identify the underlying cause for calcium deposition under the skin in order to treat the condition promptly. However there are certain home remedies and simple tips that can help in the prompt management of the condition,
- Local application of ice packs at the site of calcium deposits can help reduce inflammation and thereby reduce chances of subsequent deposits.
- Restrict your intake of calcium and vitamin D supplements. Consult your doctor who has prescribed these supplements to discuss the issue. Ideally don’t take more than 500 mg of calcium supplements, however if you need to take higher supplement dosage, consult your physician. Opt for natural sources of calcium.
- Drink at least 3 liters of water each day. Water helps flush out excess of calcium and phosphates in the blood. It also improves the functioning of the kidney.
- Homeopathic drug Calcarea Phos taken in high potency about once a week can help alleviate the symptoms, however it is recommended to consult a trained homeopath before taking this medication.
If the deposits are associated with pain, surgical removal may be required but recurrence is common in such cases.