Cuts on fingers while chopping vegetables or scrapes during a fall are a daily occurrence. The severity of these injuries also varies from superficial wounds or very deep injuries, affecting the muscles. The common symptoms include bleeding and pain followed by redness and burning sensation. The intensity of these symptoms varies, depending upon the severity, but they are usually present.
Common Causes Of Cuts And Scrapes
Some of the common causes for cuts and scrapes in our day to day life include,
- Injuries while chopping vegetables and fruits while cooking.
- Injuries associated with fall, leading to abrasion of the skin.
- Injuries while shaving beard or underarms can also lead to cuts.
- Excessive scratching following an insect bite can lead to scrapes.
- Handling broken glass pieces or heavy equipments without caution can also lead to cuts/wounds.
Natural Home Remedies For Cuts And Scrapes
Here are some important home based treatment and remedies that help deal with cuts and scrapes. These techniques should be used for mild to moderate level injuries. It is advised to consult a doctor for deep tissue cuts or scrapes, as these are associated with a higher risk of infection.
- Stop bleeding: First thing to do is to apply pressure to halt the bleeding. Typically use a clean piece of cloth. In case of cut on the two extremities, elevate the site above the level of the heart to reduce blood flow. Avoid using tourniquets.
- Clean the wound: Wash the wound in running water using gentle body soap. This is aimed to reduce the risk of the wound getting infected and avoid accumulation of dirt/ debris. One can use hydrogen peroxide to clean the wound.
- Apply ice: Local application of ice results in vasoconstriction of the blood vessels which naturally reduces bleeding. Ice should be applied immediately after the cut/scrape to alleviate pain and swelling.
- Use iodine: Iodine is effective to kill bacteria and other microbes, especially on the skin. Iodine is the most optimum to be used for cuts and wounds.
- Keep the skin covered: Don’t leave the cut or scrape open. Always cover it with a bandage or a dressing. Studies show that closed wounds heal faster and associated with lesser infection. However, don’t let the dressing get wet, as this may promote bacterial growth.
- Lick the wound: Human saliva has antibacterial properties. Further it can hasten the healing process.
- Avoid picking: Avoid picking on the scabs. Scabs are meant to stop bleeding and allow healing. Picking on them will only delay the process.
- Petroleum jelly: Local application of petroleum jelly can help keep the wound moist and hasten healing.
- Protect the injury, especially a deep one from sunlight. Apply SPF 15 sunscreen while going out in the sun.
- Turmeric application: Local application of paste of turmeric can help healing. Turmeric reduces inflammation associated with the cut or scrape.
- Tea Tree oil: Experts recommend application of tea tree oil on the site of the cut. Tea tree oil is antimicrobial agent and prevents secondary infections.
- Vitamin C supplements: Include Vitamin C supplements in your diet. Increase intake of vitamin c rich foods namely lemon, lime, oranges, mangoes, etc. This improves naturally immunity to fight infections and also hastens the overall healing process.