There are a host of causes or high risk factors that are associated with the development of deep vein thrombosis. In most cases, the condition is usually asymptomatic, however, deep vein thrombosis needs to be treated promptly, especially in the elderly, as it may increase the changes of stroke or infarction, especially if the thrombus gets logged into an important artery supplying to the heart or the brain.
Deep vein thrombosis is a condition characterized by formation of a blood clot in a larger vein. While this condition may not be associated with any symptoms and may resolve naturally, it may also result in serious complications, especially if the thrombus dislodges from the original site and may travel to the heart or lungs. This condition may in turn result in a more life threatening condition called pulmonary or cardiac embolism.
While this condition affects one in 1000 adults. In the United States the condition affects 300,000 to 600,000 individuals annually, while approximately 60,000 to 100,000 deaths are attributed to its complication i.e. pulmonary embolism.
Causes Of Deep Vein Thrombosis
Deep vein thrombosis is attributed to Virchow’s triad a condition characterized by three factors, reduced flow rate of the blood, damage of the blood vessel wall and higher tendency to formation of blood clots.
- Old age is considered to be a high risk factor. Prevalence of deep vein thrombosis increases with advancing age.
- Prolonged immobilization, after an orthopedic surgery or a major surgery can increase the risk associated with the formation of a deep vein thrombus.
- Pregnancy and post-partum is also associated with higher risk of deep vein thrombosis.
- Injury and trauma are also associated with deep vein thrombosis.
- Use of oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy also increases risk of DVT.
- Other factors include autoimmune disorders, polycythemia vera, Anti-thrombin deficiency, protein C deficiency, Chemotherapy, Nephrotic Syndrome, etc.
Symptoms And Natural Cures For Deep Vein Thrombosis
DVT may usually not be associated with any symptoms. However some of the non-specific symptoms associated with venous thrombosis include,
- Localized pain in the calf muscles, which is aggravated on motion.
- Swelling or edema of the lower extremities.
- Tingling and numbness in the lower extremity, affected by deep vein thrombosis. In cases of severe obstruction, ulceration and bluish discoloration of the skin of the lower extremity may be observed.
Deep Vein Thrombosis Natural Cures
Here are a few lifestyle modifications and diet tips that can help in the treatment of deep vein thrombosis,
- Regularly exercising the calf muscles (flexion and extension) improves the flow of blood through the veins of the lower extremities and reduces the risk associated with deep vein thrombosis.
- Increase intake of onions and garlic in your diet. Both these foods are natural blood thinners and prevent formation of clots. However consult your physician before you make changes in your diet, especially if you are already on blood thinner prescription.