Bacterial Infection. The infection is mainly from contaminated foods and beverages. These can cause accompanying severe symptoms like vomiting, fever, and abdominal pain. Common bacteria that cause the infection include salmonellae, shigella, and campylobacter. Less common ones include the Escherichia coli or E coli bacteria, Yersinia, and listeria. Frequent use of antibiotics can cause overgrowth of Clostridium difficile bacteria in the intestines that also cause recurring diarrhea.
Parasites. These are commonly found in contaminated water and the most common ones that cause the condition include Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia lamblia, and Cryptosporidium.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease. The disease covers several disorders that cause the intestines to become red and swollen as a result of the immune system’s reaction against the tissues in the intestines. Ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease are the two main types under IBD.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome. This is a chronic disorder of the gastrointestinal tract with an unknown cause.
Diverticulitis. This is a condition characterized by the inflammation of the diverticula which are tiny pouches found in the intestinal walls.
Microscopic Colitis. The disease is mainly characterized by the inflammation of the colon and is caused by poor blood supply, autoimmune responses, and infections.
Celiac Disease. This is described as a chronic disease that affects the digestive tract by disturbing absorption and digestion of nutrients from food.
Recurring Diarrhea Treatment
For patients that are unable to drink fluids, doctors will administer an intravenous line to replace lost fluids and electrolytes. This brings fast relief and prevents dehydration but does not cure the underlying cause of the condition.
In terms of bacterial infection and intestinal parasites, antibiotics and other medications are given. Doctors usually choose the right kind of antibiotics carefully since there are those that make the condition worse.
Over-the-counter anti-diarrheal or anti-motility medications can manage symptoms temporarily and should only be taken by adult patients.
Patients are recommended to take oral electrolyte solutions to prevent dehydration.
Proper drugs are given to treat underlying medical conditions that cause recurring diarrhea. There are some who will need surgery. Anti-inflammatory and immune suppression drugs are often used to cure and control swelling and redness of certain parts of the digestive tract that are affected by diseases and disorders.
Medications along with solutions that prevent dehydration work effectively if the patient eat healthy foods rich in fiber like fruits, dried beans, peas, lentils, whole grains and vegetables. Those with celiac disease, however, should avoid gluten-rich foods.
Drinking 8 to 10 glasses of water every day is also recommended along with regular exercise.