Dysglycemia is a general terminology which refers to any anomaly in blood glucose levels that leads to a disease. There isn’t an out-and-out threshold level defined for the upper as well as lower limits of glucose in dysglycemia. An abnormally low, high or unstable level of blood sugar signifies poor control which may be due to a host of causes.
Even though Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes mellitus are the better-known types of dysglycemia, disorders like gestational diabetes, pre-diabetic conditions, drug-related and genetically related abnormalities of the blood sugar levels also represent dysglycemia.
- Hyperglycemia, i.e. high blood sugar level manifests as an unusual thirst, frequent and profuse urination, exhaustion, and a sweet smell of the breath.
- Hypoglycemia, i.e. unusually low levels of glucose, manifests as headache, giddiness, nausea, blurred vision, trembling and clammy skin.
- High levels of blood sugar is linked to long-term impairment of your nerves, blood vessels and organs such as your heart, kidneys and eyes, and can eventually lead to failure.
What Are The Causes Of Dysglycemia?
Abnormal blood glucose levels are always a blend of heredity and environment factors.
Additionally, a clinical studies and research states that various vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients in the foods help enhance the body’s sensitivity to insulin. They improve the efficiency of insulin, so the body needs to secrete less of the hormone to achieve the same effect; consequently, if our diet is lacking in any of these vital nutrient, the secretion of insulin gets adversely affected and blood sugar levels tend to fluctuate.
Natural Ways To Treat Dysglycemia
- Blood sugar levels need to be tested on regular follow up basis. Your health care provider will ask you to do tests and investigations in order to get a correct picture of your ability to control blood sugar. Normal levels of fasting blood glucose are – 70 to 99 milligrams per deciliter. The oral glucose tolerance test checks the level after you ingest a special glucose drink. Normal levels two hours after the drink should be less than 140 mg/dL.
- Balancing insulin levels is very vital. You need to confer with your doctor in case you need to start any medication to keep the blood sugar level normal. Follow up visits with the doctor are exceedingly crucial.
- Furthermore, it is very essential that you maintain optimal body weight. Discuss with your doctor before embarking up on any dietary pattern.
- You must choose the amounts and portions that are appropriate. Opt for foods that make you feel full for longer. Incorporate loads of fresh fruits and vegetables in to your daily menu. Cereals, grains and lean meat should be a part of the diet plan.
- Steer clear of mangoes, bananas, custard apples, beet and potatoes though.
- Also, avoid all packaged and canned foods; these are loaded with calories.
- Ensure that you have small, frequent meals through the day. Do not consume a heavy, fatty, greasy meal. Eating small portions, frequently, through the day helps keep the blood glucose level normal.