Eczematous dermatitis is a common universal skin problem. There is lot of controversy for defining and classifying eczema and dermatitis. However to simplify the matter, most physicians consider eczema and dermatitis as synonymous to each other.
By definition, eczematous dermatitis is described as non contagious inflammation of the skin characterized by recurrent rash, redness, dryness, itching, edema, and oozing.
Eczema is a Greek word and it means to “boil out”, while dermatitis is defined as skin inflammation. Eczema can be classified into three varieties; acute, sub acute and chronic. This classification helps to decide the prognosis and line of treatment. The acute form involves redness, swelling, fluid filled blister formation, oozing and crusts. Most of the eczema starts with these symptoms. Acute eczema does not last long. It takes few weeks for the lesions to heal. When eczema lasts for months and years and becomes chronic.
What Are The Causes Of Eczema?
Basically there are two factors responsible for eczematous dermatitis; Allergy or skin sensitivity, and the second factor pertain to exposure to irritants.
Eczema is a form of allergic skin reaction found among all races, and in all age group. In fact it is more common among infants and children below the age of 5 years. Among different forms of eczema, atopic eczematous dermatitis is the commonest.
The cause of eczema in some cases can be traced back to family history of eczema. Familial predisposition is well known cause for this condition.
- Allergy, debility, atmospheric changes, and anxiety and stress are often blamed for development of eczema.
- People with history of allergic condition such as Asthma, hay fever are at a greater risk of suffering from eczema.
- Debility and low immunity are predisposing causes for eczematous dermatitis. Certain other conditions such as greasy skin, congestion of blood due to varicose veins, are also reasons for development of eczema.
- Causes that irritate the skin such as chemicals, plants, clothing, cosmetics, drugs, infections, soaps and detergents, jewelry, etc. are responsible for eczema development. Once the skin is irritated; scratching, climatic strain and psychological stresses keeps aggravating the condition resulting into eczema becoming chronic.
Treatment For Eczematous Dermatitis
The first and foremost thing to do is to identify the source that is responsible for eczema; for instance soaps and detergents, cosmetics or varicose veins etc. Try to treat the underlying condition or eliminate the aggravating factor leading to eczematous dermatitis.
Several home remedies can effectively treat eczematous dermatitis or at least minimize the symptoms, when eczema is difficult to cure. Proper skin care is vital aspect for successful treatment of eczema. Keeping your skin well hydrated and moisturized is an integral part of the treatment.
There are several commercially available products especially meant for moisturizing eczematous skin surface, however all these products to an extent contain chemicals that may not be suitable for your delicate and sensitive skin. In fact they may worsen the eczema.
- The best natural way is to use coconut oil or almond oil as a moisturizer to cure eczema. The healing effect of coconut oil is attributed to the fatty acids present in the oil.
- To treat excessive itching in the eczematous region, apply paste prepared from sandalwood and camphor. Applying vitamin E oil will also soothe the skin and keep the skin moist.
- Choose soaps that are glycerin based without dyes and perfume. Ensure to rinse the soap completely from your body while taking bath.
- Avoid scratching your skin even if there is intolerable itch. To prevent the irritation apply cold compresses over the eczematous surface. It will temporarily aid in relieving itching.
- Wear loose fitting cotton clothes, woolen clothes helps to absorb sweat. Avoid wearing woolen clothes or clothes that are too tight and scratchy.
- In certain cases where eczema is difficult to treat, dermatologists prefer to use topical steroids.