Edema is a condition wherein there is an abnormal collection of liquid substances beneath the skin and cavities of the body. There are two classifications of edema and these are bilateral or soft and unilateral or indurated edema. When the volume of interstitial liquid substance becomes very excessive and there are infections present, the liquid substance often leaks out accompanied by severe swelling and skin blisters.
What Causes Fluid To Leak Out Of Legs?
There are a lot of factors that contribute to the occurrence of edema in the legs including diseases and other conditions.
These factors include:
- Dysfunction of the lymphatic drainage system or medically termed as lymphorrhoea.
- Blood pressure in the lower limb capillaries is elevated. Excessive force in the blood vessels can also act as contributing factors. Deep vein thrombosis can damage or obstruct the blood vessels in the leg area which prevents it from maintaining equilibrium.
- Large wound and certain conditions of the skin that causes the formation of vesicles and papules. This is often more frequently observed in patients with diabetes.
- Infections can cause edema symptoms to leak out fluid from legs.
- Medications. Good examples of medications that can cause edema and eventually fluid leakage include steroids, estrogen, NSAIDs or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and calcium channel blockers.
- Liver and kidney disease often result in change in the composition and viscosity of the blood. This may also result in extrusion of fluid from blisters in the legs
- Venous insufficiency. In this condition, the blood does not return properly to the heart from the peripheral areas which will cause edema. Common peripheral areas that will experience edema when there is venous insufficiency include both legs of the body.
- Heart Failure. When the heart does not function well and will not pump blood properly, blood will accumulate and will cause leakage from its vessels and into tissues that surround it.
Treatment For Fluid Leaking Out Of Legs
Some of the treatment options include,
- Compression therapy like the use of compression stockings can help the fluid from leaking out from the blood vessels which can reduce the symptoms of edema and will eventually prevent fluid to leak from the legs. This home treatment can be partnered with proper body positioning such as leg elevation.
- Diuretics. This can help in properly draining excess fluids in the tissues of the legs and will control the symptoms of edema including leakage of fluids out of the skin of the legs. The use of diuretics should be carefully administered to prevent dehydration.
- Treatment options for edema usually will involve treating the underlying cause.
- Alginates and hydro-fiber bandages can help in managing the fluid leakage from the legs along with barrier creams that prevents the skin from rupturing or breaking down.
- Specialized therapeutic massages can help when the edema is caused by lymphatic failure.
- Potassium Permanganate. This is an antiseptic that can briefly offer remedy to the legs where fluids are leaking out.