Post-nasal drip, PND, is the term given to the excessive production of mucus from the nasal mucosa. It is also known as Upper Airway Cough Syndrome.
- The excess mucus builds up at the back of the throat and of the nose.
- The condition can be caused by rhinitis or sinusitis
- It is usually associated with an allergy
- Elevated estrogen hormones like in pregnant women and those taking birth control pills can also cause post-nasal drip.
Symptoms of Post Nasal Drip
Here are some of the symptoms of post-nasal drip:
- Bad breath
- Breathing difficulty
- Burning sensation at back of throat
- Constant spitting
- Constant Swallowing
- Constant throat clearing
- Cracking voice
- Feeling of having mucus at the back of the throat
- Nasal and sinus congestion
- Runny nose
- Tonsilloliths – yellow masses on tonsils
What are the Causes of Post Nasal Drip
Here are some of the possible causes of post-nasal drip.
- Allergies – hay fever
- Bacterial infection of the respiratory system
- Gastroesophageal Reflux – also known as heartburn or GERD
What to Take for Post Nasal Drip?
- The best way to deal with post nasal drip is to deal with the underlying condition causing it.
- If the condition is brought on by an Upper Respiratory Infection, patients may be given antibiotics.
- If it is a viral infection, treatment may be limited to the supportive. Supportive treatment includes decongestants and nasal irrigation.
- If it is caused by allergies, patients can be given antihistamines to help with the symptoms experienced.
- If the condition is caused by GERD or acid reflux, patients can take antacids and make dietary changes to prevent the condition.
- For long term allergy relief, patients may be given periodic injections. For short term treatments, oral steroids may be helpful.
- If medications do not work and if the condition is severe and it affects the patient’s quality of life, surgery may become an option
How to Stop Post Nasal Drip Naturally?
Here are some post nasal drip home remedies that patients can use.
- Warm Compress – this helps to open up the passages
- Nasal irrigation – using a saline solution can help clear the passages
- Humidifier – this can help warm and dilate the blood vessels in the nasal passage ways. If without a humidifier, patient can sit in the bathroom, with the door closed and with the warm shower running.
- Water therapy – can help loosen the mucus