What are the Causes of Lump in Throat and Its Treatments

Having a lump in the throat is a very common complaint among patients. Reports will usually involve the feeling of having a golf ball sized mass in the throat. It can either be a real lump or a perceived one. Treatment is going to depend on what is causing it in the first place.

What Causes Lump in Throat

There are a number of possible causes for the feeling of having a lump in the throat. The causes can be categorized into the following:

  • Globus Pharyngeus. This can be caused by an infection, acid reflux, or some other physical cause.
  • Globus Hytericus. This may be caused by anxiety and panic problems.
  • Actual Mass in Throat. The sensation can also be due to the presence of an actual mass in the throat which may be caused by a tumor, cancer, or problems with other organs.

Globus Pharyngeus and Globus Hytericus are associated with the cricopharyngeal muscle, which acts as a sphincter that prevents food from going back up the throat.

In certain situations, this can constrict more than usual giving the sensation of having a lump in the throat.

Some of the possible causes that can lead to the constriction of the cricopharyngeal muscle include the following:

  • Viral infections. These may be associated with the common cold or with flu symptoms.
  • Bacterial Infections. These can occur during strep infections.
  • Acid Reflux. This can occur without the presence of the ‘heartburn’ or burning sensation classically associated with the issue.
  • Stress
  • Anxiety
  • Panic Attacks
  • Crying. Many people will complain of having a lump in their throat when they are emotional or when they are crying.

In addition to Globus Pharyngeus and Hystericus, patients may develop a growth or an actual lump in the throat. Some of the possible causes include:

  • Throat cancer
  • Tumors
  • Thyroid enlargement. Although this can be a cause, it only occurs in rare cases.

Symptoms Lump in Throat

Some of the most common symptoms associated with having a lump in the throat include:

  • An annoying, but not painful sensation in the throat
  • Feeling of pressure in the throat area
  • Having to swallow more than once in order to try and get food down.
  • Swallowing too often

Lump in Throat Treatment

Treating the situation is going to depend on what is causing the problem. Some of the most common treatment methods include:

Globus Pharyngeus

  • Antibacterial medication, only given for bacterial infections as viral infections are self-limiting.
  • Pain Medication
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Antacids

Globus Hystericus

  • Relaxation Techniques
  • Breathing Exercises

Treatment for actual lumps in the throat can include surgery, chemotherapy, and anti-inflammatory drugs.

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