What are the Symptoms of Ruptured Vocal Cord and Its Home Treatments

The vocal cords are layers of mucus membranes that are located in the larynx. These membranes vibrate which enable patients to speak. When the layers rupture, the membrane, specifically the superficial lamina propria, fails to vibrate causing loss of voice and other symptoms to appear.

Generally, patients with ruptured vocal cords will not experience any kind of pain and difficulties in breathing and swallowing unless the condition is caused by certain infections and medical abnormalities.

Ruptured Vocal Cord Symptoms

  • Hoarseness

  • Aching throat

  • Range of pitch will be greatly reduced.

  • Fatigue and bleeding of the vocal cords. Swelling and redness can also be observed.

  • Scratchy throat

  • Loss of speech or voice

Ruptured Vocal Cord Causes

  • Stroke. This brings about a sudden malfunction in the vocal cords causing it to rupture.

  • Appearance of small polyps or varies in the walls of the blood vessels in the area.

  • Phonotrauma or stress that is brought about by prolonged use of vocal cords and excessive shouting. Individuals who have regular jobs which require the use of the vocal cord like teachers and singers have greater risks.

  • Constant use of steroid inhalants and anticoagulants.

  • Trauma which may be caused by surgery or accidents.

  • Chronic smoking and alcoholism

  • Constant exposure to fumes

  • Allergies and chronic sinusitis

  • Viral infections that bring about colds, mumps, measles, and diphtheria, along with bacterial infections.

  • Medical conditions like cancer of the throat, vocal cord paralysis, and GERD or gastroesophageal reflux disorder.

Ruptured Vocal Cord Home Treatment

  • Drink plenty of water. This relaxes the vocal cords, quickens healing process, and prevents further rupture.

  • Rest the vocal cords by not talking or doing any activity that would require its use until healing takes place.

  • Eat a good amount of fruits and vegetables.

  • Avoid drinking chilled beverages and cold foods like ice cream.

  • Avoid consuming hot foods and beverages.

  • Gargle warm water with salt. This can manage pain and facilitate healing. It also helps in getting the voice back.

  • Inhale steam.

  • Add garlic in preparing meals. Garlic has natural antibiotic and anti-inflammatory properties.

  • Drink unsweetened herbal tea. Thyme, chamomile, and ginger root tea can manage pain.

  • Drink honey mixed in warm water or chamomile tea.

  • Ruptured vocal cords that are caused by laryngitis can be managed by drinking warm lemon juice mixed with a teaspoon of honey.

  • Exercise the vocal cords by trying to produce monosyllabic vowel sounds. Do this kind of exercise until voice comes back.

  • Avoid abusing or stressing vocal cords with activities that involve prolonged use of voice and excessively loud use like when shouting.


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