Freckles are flat, tanned dots which are the size of the head of a common nail. They are many in number and tend to develop haphazardly on the skin, more so, after frequent sun exposure. Freckles are common in fair complexioned people; and they are more often seen on the upper-body areas such as nose, cheeks, arms, and shoulders.
Freckles are normally uniform in color. They may be yellow, tan, reddish, light brown, brown, or black; they are a little darker than the surrounding skin. They darken after sun exposure and lighten during winter.
What Causes Freckles On Hands?
Freckles occur as a result of a combination of genetic tendency and exposure to the sun. Two people having the same exposure to sun may not have an equal chance of developing freckles.
Sunlight as well as artificial sun tanning light gives off UV rays. After an exposure to the UV rays, the outer layer of your skin tends to thicken and the pigment manufacturing cells, i.e. the melanocytes tend to synthesize melanin at a higher rate.
Individuals having blond or red hair, light colored eyes, and a fair skin are particularly vulnerable to the damaging effect of the sun’s ultra violet rays.
Regardless of the color of one’s skin, freckles are caused by the irregular distribution of the melanin pigment in the skin. A freckle is actually a remarkably heavy deposit of the pigment melanin at one spot in the skin.
Genes and heredity have a role to play in the development of freckles.
How Do You Get Rid Of Freckles On Your Hands?
There are a host of safe and effectual ways to lighten or decrease the appearance of freckles on your face and body. By and large, multiple or a blend of therapies may be needed for most optimal results. Not everyone’s skin will respond to similar treatments, and freckles are known to return and reappear with repeated sun exposures.
Nonetheless, you could opt for one of the following treatments to successfully manage your freckles:
- Bleaching creams: Certain products that contain hydroquinone and kojic acid are known to be exceedingly beneficial’ they can be bought with and without a doctor’s prescription. High concentrations of hydroquinone, i.e. more than 2 % need a prescription. These products lighten your freckles when applied steadily over 4 to 6 months. Bleaching is most effective when clubbed with complete avoidance of the sun and extreme sun protection.
- Retinoids: Used in conjunct with bleaching creams, retinoids help lighten freckles when applied for several months. However, do confer with your health care provider before embarking up on treatment.
- Cryosurgery: A light freeze with liquid nitrogen is also recommended for certain cases of freckles. On the other hand, not all freckles respond to freezing.
- Laser treatment: Experts also advocate laser therapy; lasers help lighten and reduce the appearance of freckles effectively. Like cryosurgery, laser treatment is a safe and simple procedure with a high success rate and a low risk of skin scarring or discoloration.
- Photo-facials or Intense Pulsed Light treatments: These therapies are used by some doctors to help make the freckles faint and light.
- Chemical peels: Dermatologists and skin care experts may also advise you to opt for chemical peels; these also lighten freckles and improve uneven pigmentation.