There are different factors causing the development of gastritis, depending on the type of gastritis concerned:
Acute Gastritis Causes:
- This happens when there is gastric mucosal erosion caused by certain damage to the mucosal defenses. In this case, alcohol consumption is seen as the most common culprit because it erodes the mucosal lining of the stomach.
- On the other hand, the erosion depends on the amount of alcohol taken as well as on the nature of incident to alcohol consumption such as quantity, frequency, as well as the amount of food in the stomach when the alcohol was taken.
- Another factor contributing to the development of acute gastritis is the taking of drugs such as aspirin that reduces the amount of the substance prostaglandin, which helps protect the stomach lining.
Chronic Gastritis Causes:
- In this case, what happens is there is an escape of some stomach acid up the esophagus. This escape of acid causes a painful “heartburn” that occurs when the walls of the esophagus are eroded by hydrochloric acid escaping from the stomach.
- When this happens, the immune system produces antibodies that target the stomach, believing it to be the one factor causing the problem.