Hair dyeing is practice of changing color of hair. Since few decades hair dyeing has become a modern trend. In recent past, its use has increased many folds. Men as well as women use hair dye to conceal their grey hair or some people use it just to appear outstanding. There are even others who believe it boosts their self confidence.
Huge ranges of hair dye are available in stores. They are of different colors and shades. One of the most common health problem associated with hair dye is skin allergy. Most commercial hair dye contain chemicals such as PPD (p-Phenylenediamine), individuals who are more prone to allergy are susceptible to develop allergy to this chemical.
The other toxic substances present in hair dye are ammonia, propylene glycol etc. They can also cause allergic manifestation. Hair dye allergy is commonly seen on face, ears, hand and sometimes on the scalp. Rarely may it produce generalized allergy symptoms. If you have an allergic reaction to hair dye, stop using the dye.
Treatment of hair dye allergy consists of use of corticosteroid creams or there are ways to treat it naturally with home remedies.
Causes Of Hair Dye Allergy
With increase of hair dye application all over the world, there is rise of hair dye allergy. The chemicals present in commercially available hair dye are most likely to cause allergy. One such chemical present in almost all dyes is PPD. It is a chemical which allows the dye to remain for a long time on hair.
This chemical is able to penetrate deep inside the hair shaft and in the follicle. This characteristic of PPD makes it potential for causing allergy when it comes in contact with the scalp skin. The other chemical which is blamed to cause hair dye allergy is cobalt. It is found in many brown coloring hair dyes. Other chemicals are ammonia and glyceryl thioglycolate.
Symptoms Of Allergic Reaction To Hair Dye
Allergy due to chemical hair dye is a type of contact dermatitis. Most common areas affected are face, areas surrounding eyes, ears and neck. The allergic manifestation may be sudden after applying the dye or it can be after one or two days of application.
Patient may complain of burning and itching on scalp. In majority of cases, itching is intolerable. Red rash appears around ears and face. The face, eyes and lips may swell. Patient may complain of breathing difficulty in severe allergy. In rare cases blisters may develop. The symptoms may last for a week or more, depending on the treatment patient receives.
Home Remedies For Hair Dye Reactions
Once allergy has occurred, many doctors treat it with local application of steroid creams and lotions. If the area affected is small and the reaction is mild, topical application of steroid cream will alleviate burning and itching. However, steroid containing cream cannot be used for long period because of its side effects. In severe cases, patient may require oral steroids and anti histaminic.
Several home remedies are found effective in alleviating symptoms of hair dye allergy.
Relieving itching and burning sensation is first to be considered to make the patient comfortable. If chamomile is handy in your home, prepare chamomile tea. Boil chamomile in one water. Let it steep for a while and strain the content. Once it becomes cool, add few cubes of ice to make it cold. Now rinse your hair and scalp with chamomile tea. Repeat it two times in a day till you find relief in itching and until skin inflammation subsides.
You can also apply coconut oil or olive oil. Both are soothing to skin. Apply it two to three times in a day. You can also apply aloe vera gel on the skin. Aloe vera has natural soothing qualities.