What Is Renal Colic? Causes, Symptoms And Treatment Options

Renal colic is pain that is caused due to kidney stones. Kidney stones are crystals which form from the chemicals present in the urine. Typically, a renal stone develops because of excessive amounts of a single chemical present in the urine. The stone could block the flow of urine and this triggers the pain whilst it travels in the ureters.

Kidney stones are commonest in the age group of 20 – 30 years. Timely and appropriate treatment is essential; with treatment, kidney stones can be successfully managed without any complications.

What Is The Cause Of Renal Colic?

Renal colic occurs due to kidney stones when they hamper and occlude the flow of urine. They cause the kidneys to swell and consequently produce waves of colic. Renal stones causing renal colic can and may be due to:

  • Cystinuria (an inherited condition that is typified by surplus of cystine in the urine).
  • Chemotherapy.
  • Disease of the small intestine.
  • Hypercalciuria (excess calcium in the urine).
  • Gout (excess of uric acid in the blood).
  • Hyperuricosuria (excess uric acid in the urine).
  • Inflammatory bowel diseases.
  • Urinary tract infection.
  • Anomalies in the kidney.

Signs And Symptoms Of Renal Colic

The symptoms and clinical features of renal colic are related to the formation of crystals (stones, calculi) in the kidneys. These stones occlude the flow of urine during their passage, thereby triggering pain, swelling and infection.

Commonly manifestations and symptoms of renal colic are:

  • Pain in the lower aspect of the abdomen, groin and back.
  • Abnormally colored urine, usually dark yellow – orange.
  • Fever with or without chills.
  • The urine smells offensive.
  • Nausea with or without vomiting.
  • Malaise and weakness.

In certain cases, renal colic can be a very serious and even a life threatening condition, hence it is vital that you immediately assess the situation in an emergency setting.

Prompt steps need to be taken, without any sort of delay, in case of the following manifestations:

  • Inability to pass urine
  • Very high grade fever
  • Excruciating pain
  • Uncontrollable vomiting

Treatment Options For Renal Colic

You need to confer with your health care provider soon; he will examine you as well as order a battery of tests to understand the precise cause of the colic along with the underlying causative factors. The treatment for renal stones and depends up on the type as well as the size of the calculi.

  • Very tiny stones are known to be eliminated on their own, principally if you drink plenty of water
  • Your physician may not suggest any kind of treatment apart from loads of water and a correct diet. Pain relievers may be prescribed to deal with the agonizing pain of kidney stones.
  • Experts recommend drinking 3 to 5 glasses of lemon juice for a period of 5 to 7 days. Lemons dissolve the tiny stones and expel them out efficiently.
  • Ensure that you drink 3 liters of water daily. Additionally, consume a lot of soups, juices, herbal teas and broths for rapid recuperation.
  • Homeopathy drugs such as Lycopodium Clavatum 30, Cantharis 30 and Silicea 30 are of immense help. They help break up the stones and help them to be thrown out. They manage all the associated features of renal stones as well.
  • Depending up on the chemical makeup of big renal calculi, your health care provider may prescribe certain drugs to break them up.
  • In very severe cases, surgical intervention becomes necessary.

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