Causes Of Basilar Migraine: Symptoms And Treatment Options

Basilar migraine is characterized by a disorder in the lower aspect of the brain. Before the migraine commences, the individual typically experiences an ‘aura’ which comprises of a host of manifestations – giddiness, double vision and poor coordination. The aura lasts for 10 – 45 minutes before the headache begins.

The migraine lasts from 4 – 72 hours.

The episode can be very incapacitating, leaving you feeling drained for a day after the attack.

What Causes Basilar Migraines?

Basilar migraine is known to begin during childhood or the teen years. Women are more susceptible to basilar migraines than men.

Important triggering factors for a basilar migraine include:

  • Stress
  • Over exertion
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Caffeine consumption
  • Deprivation of sleep
  • Huger
  • Certain medicines
  • Female hormonal changes
  • Flickering, bright lights
  • Consumption of nitrites found in food.
  • Environmental factors – like altitude and sudden weather changes.

Signs And Symptoms Of Basilar Migraine

A basilar migraine usually commences on one side of the head and slowly spreads and intensifies. Common manifestations are:

  • Sensitivity to light and sound.
  • Cold hands and / or feet with tingling.
  • Slurring of the speech and difficulty in talking.
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Giddiness
  • Double vision
  • Momentary blindness
  • Loss of balance
  • Disorientation
  • Hearing impairment
  • Loss of consciousness

‘Aura’ symptoms last between 5 to 60 minutes.

The headache follows the aura, characteristically whilst the individual is still experiencing the aura or immediately after. There will be an intense throbbing or pulsating pain on one or both sides of the head.

Treatment Options For Basilar Migraine

The treatment for basilar migraine focuses on allaying the symptoms of pain, nausea and vomiting. The doctor will prescribe analgesics along with anti-emetics. Confer with your health care provider and understand what medications are best suited to you.

Also, it is recommended that you maintain a journal of the episodes of basilar migraine so that you can identify triggers. Steering clear of these triggers is decidedly helpful in decreasing the frequency, intensity and duration of the migraine. In addition, you need to maintain a healthy lifestyle. You need to sleep well, manage your stress and exercise regularly, at least thrice a week.

Diet is known to play a pivotal role in triggering as well as warding off migraine. Doing the following will help deal with your migraine:

  • Eat a balanced diet.
  • Steer clear of coffee, alcohol and drugs.
  • Eat regularly and do not skip meals.
  • Avoid all foods that have been triggers for you.
  • These foods have known to be important migraine triggers – wheat, chocolate, eggs, rye, dairy, tomatoes and oranges. You should try eliminating these foods from your diet to see if you have fewer episodes.

Your health care provider may also suggest the same preventive drugs that are used for regular migraine. He may also try out a few anti-convulsant drugs to prevent migraine. Calcium channel blockers may be administered and they work by obstructing the arteries from widening and by blocking the release of serotonin. Certain anti-depressants are also known to deter migraines.

Homeopathy provides wonderful results in the case of migraine. Confer with a consulting homeopath and understand which medicine will be best suited to you. Homeopathy will reduce the frequency of the migraine attacks from occurring; it also helps decrease the duration of the episode whilst preventing debilitation and importantly, diminishes the intensity of the symptoms.