Cayenne and Green Pepper Allergy Symptoms and Treatments

Allergic reactions to pepper do exist. The tricky part about an allergic reaction to pepper is that more often than not, people do not know it is the pepper that triggered the allergic reaction. Some people, however, have already been correctly studied to be allergic to pepper, in this case, they can safely avoid the ingredient.

For those who do not know they are allergic to pepper, it is always best to seek medical advice to safely test the individual for pepper allergy.

Pepper Allergic Symptoms

  • The immediate allergic reaction is often found locally.
  • Patients who exhibit symptoms usually do so after eating cracked pepper or pepper seeds.

Pepper Allergic Reactions

Some of the symptoms of a pepper allergy include:

    • Scratchy or itchy feel on the throat or tongue
    • Cracked voice or vocal changes
    • Throat swelling
    • Tongue swelling
    • Hives
    • Skin rashes
    • Itching of the skin

Cayenne Pepper Allergy Symptoms

  • Some people do not have general allergies to pepper but have specific allergies instead.
  • Some people are allergic to a specific type of pepper such as cayenne.
  • Cross reactivity may occur with these patients so it is advised for them to stay away from all types of pepper and not just cayenne.
  • Cayenne allergic symptoms usually include:
    • Vocal changes
    • Throat itching
    • Tongue itching
    • Tongue swelling
    • Throat swelling
    • Skin rashes on the lip
    • Itching of the lip
    • Swelling of the lip
    • Generalized hives

Green Pepper Allergy Symptoms

  • Some people have an allergy to specifically green bell pepper only.
  • Cross reactivity is rare but can happen so patients are still advised to avoid all types of pepper and pepper by-products.
  • Some of the allergic symptoms from green pepper include:
    • Local lip swelling
    • Local lip redness
    • Local lip itching
    • Throat and tongue itching
    • Throat and tongue swelling
    • Generalized rashes/hives


  • Administration of antihistamines and cortisone creams for relief of local reactions as well as skin reactions.
  • Administration of epinephrine or epi-pen in known allergic patients in severe cases.
  • Avoidance of pepper and its by-products.
  • Desensitization may also be a treatment of choice especially for pepper allergies wherein pepper is a widely used ingredient.

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