Mycoplasma pneumoniae are tiny bacteria that cause mycoplasm pneumonia in humans, a form of atypical bacterial pneumonia. Mycoplasm pneumoniae are typified by the non existence of the peptidoglycan cell wall; and this causes a resistance to most antibiotics, making treatment a little difficult.
The signs and symptoms of pneumonia include:
- Pain in the chest when you breathe and / or cough.
- Profuse coughing with or without expectoration.
- In children and older individuals, there will be confusion or an alteration in the mental awareness.
- Breathless and gasping
- Nausea and vomiting
- Fever with chills
Causes Of Mycoplasma Pneumonia
Mycoplasm pneumonia is an infectious respiratory condition. It spreads from one individual to another via droplet infection. It spreads very easily through contact with respiratory fluids. If you neglect the condition or if severe symptoms affecting the heart and nervous system develop, it could become life threatening.
However, by and large, mycoplasm pneumonia does not get too severe. ‘Walking pneumonia’ is an informal name that is given to this type of pneumonia, given that, usually, the symptoms are very mild and never severe enough to need bed rest.
Treatment Options For Mycoplasma Pneumonia
The treatment for mycoplasm pneumonia comprises of managing the infection and making sure that no complications occur. Although most of the symptoms tend to allay within a few days or weeks, the feeling of exhaustion persists for a couple of months.
Specific treatment regimens depend upon the kind and intensity of the pneumonia, your age as well as the general well being.
- Antibiotic medications need to be administered to treat the infection. Your health care provider will run a few tests and investigations and then select the best antibiotic to treat it. In case your symptoms do not abate, your doctor may advise a different antibiotic.
- Cough medicine: Cough syrups and cough medicines will be given to help calm your cough so that you can rest better. A host of natural remedies and home remedies help deal with the cough as well. Talk to your doctor before starting them though. Ginger is an excellent expectorant. Have a glass of ginger tea daily. You could add some honey to it. Honey soothes the throat and reduces coughing too. Turmeric is another potent natural remedy for cough; it battles infections as well. Add a spoon of powdered turmeric to a glass of warm milk and consume daily. Garlic is a powerful infection fighter. Have 2 to 3 flakes of raw garlic for a month; it will speed up your recovery.
- Fever reducers: Your doctor will prescribe a medicine to manage the fever.
- Analgesics: You will also be given a pain killer in case you have some pain and discomfort.
Hospitalization is required if the patient is too young or too old; there is confusion about time, people or places; the breathing is very rapid; kidney function has declined; the systolic blood pressure is below 90 mm Hg or the diastolic blood pressure is 60 mm Hg; the body temperature is below normal; the heart rate is below 50 or above 100. You may be admitted to the ICU if you need to be placed on a breathing machine.