Muscle twitching is medically termed as fasciculation. The term refers to involuntary contractions, which are usually mild in intensity and can affect any muscle in the body. Usually, the contractions affect a group of muscles served by a common nerve and these movements can be observed as twitches under the skin.
The most common symptoms associated with random muscle twitching include cramps, spasms or generalized weakness of the affected group of muscles. Occasionally, twitching may be associated with parasthesia i.e. reduced sensation of the skin.
What Causes Muscle Spasms All Over Body?
The causes of muscle twitches can be classified into two broad categories, namely those associated with benign fasciculation syndrome or those associated with a neurological condition.
- Benign causes include nutritional deficiencies, apprehension and anxiety and dehydration.
- Neurological conditions that lead to fasciculation include the following,
- Peripheral Nerve Hyperexcitability: While the cause for the condition is not clearly understood, it is linked with genetic factors, autoimmune disorders and cancers. The condition is characterized by twitching, cramping, stiffness and aching of the muscles. These are associated with continuous motor activity. The condition can affect any muscle group but is more common in the calf, torso and legs.
- Progressive neuromuscular disease like Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and muscular dystrophy are associated with voluntary muscular contractions, spasms along with interference in performing routine activity. Both the conditions are progressive in nature and can eventually lead to paralysis.
- Other conditions associated include myopathy and spinal muscular atrophy. Both the conditions are not clearly understood, though they eventually lead to muscular dystrophy and degeneration.
Natural Home Remedies For Muscle Twitching
While there are certain home remedies and natural treatments that can help deal with benign muscle twitching. For the muscular twitching which is linked with neurological conditions, it is imperative to consult your physician,
- Ensure that your diet is healthy comprising of fruits, vegetables and dairy products. Include nuts, pulses and legumes in your regular diet. A balanced and complete diet helps deal with nutritional deficiencies. Typically calcium and vitamin B12 deficiencies are linked with fasciculation. Deficiencies of other trace minerals like magnesium, phosphorous, etc can also lead to twitching.
- Ensure that you exercise regularly. Some level of physical activity is imperative to ensure that the muscle fibers remain healthy and nerve coordination optimum.
- Cut down the intake of caffeine and increase your water intake. Limit the salt consumption and avoid processed and refined foods. Opt for organic foods.
- Meditation and yoga can help improve muscle coordination and also alleviate the symptoms of muscular contraction. Use of aromatherapy essential oils for massaging can help improve blood supply and reduce nerve irritation.
- Homeopathy can be useful. Bryonia and Rhus Tox have a positive effect on the muscles and help deal with fasciculation.