The factors influencing the formation of keloids on the skin are not very clearly understood. Reports have suggested that certain races, especially dark skinned people like Hispanics, Italians and Asians are more prone to development of keloids. Additionally reports suggest that diet rich in iodine may also play a vital role in prevention of keloids.
Though keloids have been described as early as the 18th century, the condition is not very clearly understood till date. Keloids are more frequently observed on the chest, upper back, ears and arms, though they may appear on any part of the skin.
Keloids on ears can be associated with significant pain and discomfort and are usually very unsightly. Unfortunately, the cause of concern for keloids on ears is that they continue to grow larger in size over a period of time. Keloids appear like raised red or dark brown colored bumps, which are usually very sensitive to touch. Severe itching is one of the most common symptoms associated with keloids.
Causes Of Keloids On Ears
One of the primary factors for formation of keloid on the ears is trauma caused due to ear piercing or octoplasty. However there are certain predisposing factors that have been identified for the formation of keloids,
- Formation of keloids is closely linked with hereditary and keloids can run in families. Dark skinned races Are more prone to keloids compared to fair skinned.
- Some experts suggest that excessive muscle tension can also trigger the formation of keloids, though this is not very clearly understood.
- Repeated scratching of the skin can also trigger formation of keloids.
- Keloids are also more common in individuals with low levels of iodine in their diet. This is considered to be one of the reasons why Japanese are less prone to formation of keloids (since traditional Japanese diet contains high intake of seaweeds, which are loaded with iodine).
Home Remedies To Get Rid Of Keloids On Ears
There are some simple home remedies that have been used and considered to be beneficial in the management of keloids; however their effectiveness may vary from person to person,
- Mix one part of baking soda and one part of hydrogen peroxide and apply the paste on to the keloid. Repeat this about twice each day. Hydrogen peroxide & baking soda cause a breakdown of excessive amounts of collagen fiber which is responsible for the formation of the keloid.
- Experts have suggested that local application of apple cider vinegar is also beneficial in alleviating the symptoms of keloids. Repeatedly applying apple cider vinegar can help get rid of the keloid over six months. However concentrated vinegar can lead to severe itching and irritation and hence it is recommended to dilute it with equal parts of water before applying.
- Local application of freshly crushed garlic or garlic oil is also very useful, however is associated with severe burning.
- Some experts recommend preparing a paste by crushing a couple of aspirins and mixing them in water. This paste can be applied on the keloid along with a few drops of tea tree oil. Let the application on for about 10 minutes and then wash it off with warm water.
- Local application of saturated solution of potassium iodide is one of the most potent home remedies for the management of keloids. Applying this several times in a day may help the keloid flatten within a couple of months.