Lichen Simplex Chronicus or LSC is a symptom which is characterized by eruptions on the skin that are dark with thickening of the skin. These eruptions cause accentuation of the normal lining of the skin and the condition is referred to as lichenification.
In most cases, the condition develops as a result of an itch-scratch-itch cycle, due to irritation of the nerve endings.
Lichen Simplex Chronicus as the name suggests is a chronic skin condition and is found to be common among individuals suffering from eczema or dermatitis. While this condition can affect any part of the body, it is usually restricted to a particular region.
What Causes Lichen Simplex Chronicus?
Causes of lichen simplex chronicus include the following,
- Atopic dermatitis is one of the leading factors responsible for Lichen Simplex Chronicus.
- Acne, insect bites, keloids, scars, venous congestion eczema, etc are some of the other factors that can trigger formation of lichen simplex.
- Stress, anxiety and psychological disorders are some of the risk factors that are associated with exacerbation of lichen simplex chronicus.
- Some experts suggest that exposure to lithium, PPD hair dye or traffic exhaust can also lead to lichen simplex chronicus.
- There are some reports which indicate that lichen chronicus can be linked with genetics and hereditary, since the condition is reported to run in families.
Lichen Simplex Chronicus Symptoms
Some of the common symptom sets associated with lichen simplex chronicus includes the following,
- Erythematous, well demarcated, thickening of the skin with exaggeration of fine lines.
- Hyperpigmentation of the skin with presence of dermatitic lesions.
- Formation of cutaneous horn is another common symptom associated with the condition.
- Scratching of the lesions may occasionally be associated with slight bleeding and itching.
Though the lesion may persist, healed lesions are often accompanied with scarring and fibrosis of the skin. Hair growth is usually absent on the scarred skin.
Home Remedies For Lichen Simplex Chronicus
Conventional treatment regimen focuses on the use of tropical steroids or antihistamines in order to reduce the itching. Reducing the itching can help in reducing the risk of lichenification. Treatment of the underlying eczema is also considered important for the management of LSC. There are certain home remedies and natural treatment options that are considered beneficial in the treatment and management of lichen simplex,
- Local application of Aloe Vera gel helps in reducing the itching sensation and also helps in growth of new collagen fibers which prevent lichenification.
- Local application of raw honey or paste of turmeric is also considered useful. Honey has a soothing effect on the skin while turmeric prevents secondary infections and has strong anti-inflammatory properties.
- Local application of walnut oil or wheat germ oil is also considered useful. Both these oils are loaded with vitamin E which is considered vital for the health of the skin. Local application of vitamin A oil can also be useful in dealing with the excessive itching, darkening and thickening of the skin.
- Use of essential oils may also be of some benefit in the treatment of this condition. Tea Tree oil diluted with a base oil like almond oil can help restrict infections and hasten the natural healing process.
- Homeopathic drugs like Sulphur and Graphitis have been found to have a profound benefit in the management of scarring, thickening and lichenification of the skin.