Neurodermatitis is a disorder of the skin which tends to begin as an area of itchy patch. Scratching makes the condition worse. This itch-scratch cycle make the afflicted area very thick and leathery. Other itchy spots form, usually on the neck, wrist, forearm, thigh and ankle.
The condition is not life-threatening or infectious.
Causes And Symptoms Of Neurodermatitis
The precise cause of neurodermatitis is not known. Occasionally, neurodermatitis commences when something may rub or irritate your skin, such as – an insect bite or tight clothing. When you scratch the area, it gets scratchier. Sometimes, neurodermatitis may be associated with other skin disorders like eczema or psoriasis. Stress triggers the condition too.
Signs and symptoms of neurodermatitis include:
- An itchy skin patch or several patches.
- Intense itchiness.
- The afflicted area becomes thick, scaly and leathery.
- Raised, red, rough patches which are darker than the rest of the skin.
- Common sites – head, neck, wrist, ankle, vulva, scrotum and anus.
Natural Treatment For Neurodermatitis
The treatment’s goal is to manage the itching, to prevent scratching and to address the underlying causes for the condition:
- Anti-inflammatory creams: Your health care provider will give you an anti-inflammatory cream / lotion which will soothe the itching and inflammation.
- Corticosteroid injections: In case the anti-inflammatory cream offers no respite, you will be given a corticosteroid injection directly in to the affected skin.
- Anti-itch medications: Your doctor will prescribe antihistamines to allay the intense itching.
- Light therapy: Doctors recommend exposing the afflicted area to particular types of light to hasten healing.
- Vitamin: Confer with your health care provider and start ‘skin’ vitamins – A, E, and C; these will help the skin to heal faster and will prevent an aggravation of the condition. Also, consume plenty of limes, lemons, bell peppers, oranges, guavas, mangoes and papayas.
- Botox injection: Botox helps decrease the itching and clears up the rough patches as well.
- Aspirin solution: A solution of aspirin and dichloromethane is effectual for some people having neurodermatitis.
- Stop scratching the affected area. Scratching worsens the condition.
- Wet compresses: These soothe your skin and allay itching.
- Cover the affected area: Covering the area with a dressing helps protect your skin and prevents scratching. This is particularly useful if you scratch during your sleep.
- Keep your nails trimmed: Scratching with long nails damages the skin, more so, if you tend to scratch while you’re asleep.
- Take warm baths and moisturize your skin: Have warm baths, not hot. Add some baking soda or uncooked oatmeal to the bath water and soak. Always use a mild soap without any fragrance. After bath, apply an unscented moisturizer to protect and hydrate your skin.
- Avoid triggers: It is very vital that you keep track of your likely triggers and steadily avoid them. Notice what brings on a recurrence and steer clear of it.
- Stress management: Stress plays a pivotal role in the aggravation, exacerbation and recurrence of neurodermatitis. Understand your stressors and work around them. Stress management is a very important aspect of managing neurodermatitis successfully.