Dryness in the throat is a relatively common condition which affects individuals especially during cold and wet weathers. Dry throat is often accompanied with other systemic symptoms like cough, nasal discharge and body ache. While there are a wide range of causes from throat dryness, it is important to identify the causes since treatment regimen would vary depending upon the cause.
Throat dryness is a transient and temporary condition which is associated with change in weather. While in most cases dryness of throat may resolve spontaneously in other cases treatment may be required. Throat dryness is often associated with some set of symptoms which help physicians in deciding the appropriate cause and treatment regimen. Some of the common conditions include,
- Body ache and muscle ache with fatigue and weakness are common systemic symptoms.
- Throat dryness may be associated with cough and nasal discharge.
- Occasionally gastrointestinal symptoms like nausea and diarrhea may be observed along with dryness of throat.
- Fever may also be observed in cases of infection of the throat. Hoarseness and pain while swallowing may be some of the other symptoms associated with dryness of throat, especially if the throat is infected.
What Causes Dryness In Throat?
Here are some common causes that are associated with throat dryness,
- Change in weather especially from hot to cold or cold to hot is associated with higher risk of throat infections, which in turn can result in dryness of throat.
- Use of forced air furnaces especially in very cold weathers removes moisture from the environment causing the throat, eyes and mouth to become dry.
- Tonsil related problems like infection, abscess or tumor may obstruction the secretion of saliva from the salivary glands resulting in dryness of the throat.
- Sjogren’s syndrome is a unique autoimmune disease which affects the ability of the salivary glands to produce moist saliva resulting in dryness in the throat and mouth. Often this disease is associated with rheumatoid arthritis or lupus.
- Improper breathing is considered to be one of the leading causes of dryness in the throat. Breathing through the mouth may result in loss of moisture from the mouth resulting in dryness in the throat.
- Salivary gland cancer, though relatively rare, interferes with the production of saliva by the salivary gland which in turn can lead to dryness in the throat.
Home Remedies For Throat Dryness
Here are some simple home remedies that my help in the management of throat dryness promptly,
- Warm salt water gargle is considered to be very beneficial in treating dry throat. Warm water helps in improving blood circulation, while salt is alkaline which in turn stimulates the production of saliva from the salivary glands.
- As per Mayo Clinic, hot honey and lemon tea is very beneficial in management of dry throat. Honey has strong anti-microbial properties and has a soothing effect on the mucus membrane, while lemon is loaded with vitamin c and stimulates the production of saliva by the salivary glands.
- Using humidifiers, sucking on lozenges and drinking a glass of water before going to bed are some other techniques to prevent dryness of the throat.