Swelling occurs when surplus fluid gets trapped in the body’s tissues. Edema may occur due to certain medications, pregnancy or some underlying disorder — usually kidney disease, heart trouble or cirrhosis of the liver.
A swollen, puffy face is seen when fluids accumulate in the facial tissues. Confer with your health care provider in case you have frequent bouts, if it gets worse with time, if you experience breathing difficulty or if you have signs of infection such as redness, fever or tenderness.
Causes Of Swelling On Face And Neck
Your face may get swollen and puffy when fluid builds up in your facial tissues. Facial edema is known to occur in a host of diseases and medical conditions. It is vital that you monitor your symptoms to establish the precise cause of the swelling. The following are the common causes for facial swelling:
- Allergy is a significant cause of swelling of the face. It comes on when you inhale or ingest a particular substance to which you may be allergic. Swelling from allergic substances happens within minutes or hours after exposure and is very prominent around the eyes. The tongue and / or neck may swell too.
- Infected tooth or a tooth abscess is an important cause.
- Cellulitis caused by bacterial infection occurs when the bacteria gain entry in to the skin through a cut or break. The face becomes red, swollen, itchy, and painful skin.
- Hypothyroidism is another important cause for facial swelling. The disorder usually strikes women older than 50 years and occurs when your body produces inadequate thyroid hormones.
- Kidney damage and kidney failure are grave causes which need immediate attention.
- Likewise, heart attack triggers facial swelling and is a serious cause.
Symptoms Of Swelling On Face
- Swelling or puffiness of the skin tissue.
- The skin looks stretched and shiny.
- The skin retains a dimple after being pressed.
- Associated symptoms related to the underlying cause will also be present – hypothyroidism: weight gain, skin rash, constipation, hair fall, menstrual irregularity and fatigue; kidney damage: abnormal urine profile, reduced urinary output and edema; allergy: itching and breathlessness.
Natural Remedies To Reduce Swelling On Face
- Make sure you are drinking ample water; drinking loads of water battles edema. Steer clear of diuretic liquids – coffee, tea, soda and alcohol, which increase urination, and decrease water in the body.
- Dandelion root is an excellent home remedy – it is an anti-inflammatory herb that helps decrease swelling in the face. Commonly prescribed doses are 1 teaspoon of 1:5 root tincture.
- Watermelon is wonderful to help battle puffiness. Cut the rind off of a slice of watermelon; chill it, cut in chunks and blend.
- Sleeping with your head propped up with pillows helps prevent edema of the face.
- Most importantly, you need to restrict your salt intake. Excessive amounts of salt in your diet increases fluid retention and makes you bloated and puffy. Foods to avoid are potato chips, French fries, and fast food.
- Cold applications are beneficial too. They reduce the swelling around your face. Dip swabs of cotton in cold water and place over the afflicted portion of your face.
- Consult your doctor and check whether there is an infection or some underlying health condition which is setting off the swelling. Accordingly, you will have to deal with the disorder – whether it is kidney damage, heart trouble or hypothyroidism.