Treatment for Allergic Reaction with Swollen Lips and Hives

Swollen Lips and Hives Allergic Reaction

Swelling of the lips and hives are signs of an allergic reaction, also known as an anaphylactic reaction. It may also be due to food poisoning.

Any reaction which causes swelling of the structure surrounding or involving the airways, in this case the lips, is considered a medical emergency.

It can block the passage of air and can lead to more serious problems.

Allergic Reaction

Swollen lips and hives may also be indications of Anaphylactic shock, which is a rare case of a severe allergic reaction. Other symptoms that may accompany hives and the swelling of the lips during anaphylactic shock include:

  • Breathing problems. The swelling can spread to the trachea and block the airway.

  • Swollen tongue, cheeks, or eye lids

  • Dizziness. It can be a result in the decrease of oxygen levels.

  • Loss of consciousness

  • Shock or the sudden drop in blood pressure

  • Tachycardia followed by Bradycardia

An allergic reaction is the body’s over reaction or hyper response to a perceived threat.

It can be caused by a number of things, some of the most common allergens include:

  • Shellfish

  • Pollen

  • Bee Venom

  • Nuts

  • Food Additives

  • Dyes, specifically iodine dyes which are used in Radiography and imaging studies.

  • Medication such as pain medication (e.g. penicillin) and muscle relaxants

  • Blood products, Transfusion reactions

Food Poisoning

In addition to an allergic reaction, there is also a chance that hives and swelling of the lip is caused by food poisoning. Other symptoms include:

  • Diarrhea

  • Dizziness

  • Fever

  • Vomiting

  • Headache

  • Chills

These symptoms can occur following the ingestion of spoiled or improperly cooked food, especially fish products.

Treatment for Swollen Lips and Hives

When hives and swollen lips are observed, it is important to seek immediate medical care. It does not matter if the cause of the problem is food poisoning or anaphylaxis.

Both can be life threatening if not given immediate medical attention. Go directly to the nearest emergency department or if unable to do so, call Emergency Medical Services.

Patients can expect the following treatments for an allergic reaction:

  • Epinephrine shots help open up the airways and reverses the signs of anaphylaxis. This is temporary treatment; supportive therapy may still be required.

  • Antihistamines

  • Fluid and Oxygen Therapy

  • Rest

Fluid replacement, oxygen therapy, and rest are also necessary for cases of food poisoning. Additional treatments include:

  • Antipyretics

  • Pain Relievers

  • Detoxification

  • Gastric Lavage may be necessary when the food intake is recent. Activated charcoal may also be introduced.

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